COMPARATIVE STUDY OF LIPOPROTEIN METABOLISM IN MAREK'S DISEASE SUSCEPTIBLE AND RESISTANT LINES
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Marek's disease virus (MDV) infection causes atherosclerosis, and prior vaccination prevented the development of this disease. Two main strategies to resist Marek's disease (MD) have been demonstrated: vaccination and genetic resistance. However, little is known about the role of genetic resistance in the progression of MDV induced atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is primarily associated with lipoprotein metabolism. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether lipoprotein metabolisms are different in distinct MD susceptible and resistant chicken lines. Here, we studied different backgrounds of lipoprotein metabolism in the two lines and the changes of lipoprotein levels in response to MDV infection. The results showed that during chicken growth, the increase in total cholesterol was mostly due to the increasing (LDL+VLDL) in MD susceptible line, whereas it was mainly due to the elevating HDL in MD resistant line. These results suggested that different lipoprotein metabolisms exist in MD susceptible and resistant lines.