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- ItemBeyond Plagiarism: Scientific Ethics and Its Other Aspects(MDPI, 2018-05-08) Baykoucheva, SvetlaThe purpose of science is to advance human knowledge, cure diseases, and make life for people better. Does the current competitive environment in academia allow researchers to pursue such noble goals? The increase we see in the number of articles retracted by even reputable journals is quite alarming, and we need to have an honest discussion about why this is happening. When talking about scientific ethics, we usually focus on plagiarism and scientific fraud. Scientific misconduct may be very subtle (like, not citing peer’s articles), but sometimes it is more obvious (fabricating results). Scientific ethics, though, is much more than plagiarism and fabrication of data. As you will see, the authors of the articles included in this issue have looked at scientific ethics from a broader perspective.
- ItemGenerative Discussions on Generative AI: Preparing Librarians to Teach about Artificial Intelligence(2023-11-14) Pierdinock-Weed, Amber; Shaw, Benjamin; Yocco, DariaAI is the latest issue in higher education that librarians are finding themselves needing to address in the classroom. With the capabilities of AI changing daily, it has been difficult for librarians to keep abreast of the latest developments. Additionally, AI is an overwhelming concept for many librarians to grasp. The Teaching and Learning Services unit at the University of Maryland created instructional resources and a community of support for UMD librarians to teach and learn about AI. These included an LMS module, a structured workshop series, and a collaborative repository to share lesson plans.
- ItemEugene Garfield’s Ideas and Legacy and Their Impact on the Culture of Research(MDPI, 2019-06-14) Baykoucheva, SvetlaEugene Garfield advanced the theory and practice of information science and envisioned information systems that made the discovery of scientific information much more efficient. The Institute for Scientific Information (ISI), which he founded in Philadelphia in 1960, developed innovative information products that have revolutionized science. ISI provided current scientific information to researchers all over the world by publishing the table of contents of key scientific journals in the journal Current Contents (CC). Garfield introduced the citation as a qualitative measure of academic impact and propelled the concepts of “citation indexing” and “citation linking”, paving the way for today’s search engines. He created the Science Citation Index (SCI), which raised awareness about citations; triggered the development of new disciplines (scientometrics, infometrics, webometrics); and became the foundation for building new important products such as Web of Science. The journal impact factor (IF), originally designed to select journals for the SCI, became the most widely accepted tool for measuring academic impact. Garfield actively promoted English as the international language of science and became a powerful force in the globalization of research. His ideas changed how researchers gather scientific information, communicate their findings, and advance their careers. This article looks at the impact of Garfield’s ideas and legacy on the culture of research.
- ItemFrom Individual to Community: Building a Community of Practice Around Teaching(Routledge, 2023-04-06) Gammons, Rachel W.; Luckert, Yelena; Inge-Carpenter, Lindsay; Armendariz, AnastasiaUniversity of Maryland (UMD) Libraries has a large teaching program that serves between 16,000 and 20,000 students per academic year. This chapter documents the transformation of UMD Libraries’ teaching program from an individualistic approach to a strong community of practice based on the mutual affirmation, support, and respect of library teachers, and includes the following sections: (1) history of the UMD Libraries’ teaching program, with special attention to how the program has been shaped by the Libraries’ partnership with the UMD Academic Writing Program (ENGL101); (2) overview of the theoretical framework of Communities of Practice (COP); (3) exploration of COP at UMD Libraries, including analysis of two teacher training programs, the Research and Teaching Fellowship, and Fearless Teaching Institute; and (4) recommendations for practice.
- ItemBridging the digital divide: challenges and opportunities in rural broadband access and adoption in Tennessee(2021-10-27) Baxter, Isabella; Upendram, Sreedhar; Lerner, MekaylaThis presentation describes a mobile lending hotspot program and other broadband initiatives that were supported by the University of Tennessee Extension.