Library Award for Undergraduate Research

Permanent URI for this collection

***Submissions are accepted 11 December - 29 March by noon each year***

The University of Maryland Libraries and the Maryland Center for Undergraduate Research have partnered to showcase and reward undergraduate research projects. The Library Award for Undergraduate Research aims to promote the value and use of library services and information resources.


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 20 of 211
  • Item
    To Resurrect a Community: Reparations for Urban Renewal and Displacement in Lakeland
    (2023-04-23) Nowicki, Braden; Montroso, Alan
    "To Resurrect a Community" is an essay which provides a detailed portrait of harmful urban renewal in College Park's Lakeland district. Taking two major lines of inquiry - theory surrounding infrastructural oppression of minority communities throughout the nation and history/context for the renewal which occurred and Lakeland - I present arguments for confronting past racist renewal and preventing it in the future.
  • Item
    Alienation and Alliances: Transgender Coalition-Building from the 1970s through the 1990s
    (2023) Grafstein, Julia; Keane, Katarina
    Coalition-building in the transgender movement has received scant attention from scholars in history or gender studies. In an effort to understand transactivists' motivations and how they worked with others, this thesis analyzes the partnerships formed within the transgender community and with potential allies of the lesbian, gay, and feminist communities. Using archival records, magazines and newspapers, published reports, and oral histories, this thesis argues that trans activism in the period between 1970 and the end of the 1990s was multifarious, fractious and inconsistent. It also demonstrates that trans activists worked to build coalitions with potential allies in the women's movement and the gay and lesbian rights movement whenever possible. Such coalitions held the promise of greater influence and of shared values. Because I have submitted three of my other chapters for publication at several journals, I am submitting the introduction and my second chapter for your consideration. This chapter focuses on transgender coalition-building within the transgender community and gives insight into the internal struggles of a nascent movement. The introduction will detail the focus of my thesis altogether and lay out key background information. The separated bibliography has all of the sources from my thesis, while the bibliography at the end of my research paper has the sources from only the chapters I am submitting.
  • Item
    A Self-Portrait of Success: The Images of Jewish Masculinity in 1940s America
    (2023) Yang, Mason; Cooperman, Bernard
    “A Self-Portrait of Success: The Images of Jewish Masculinity in 1940s America” is a research paper that seeks to define what masculinity and success looked like to Jewish men in the mid-twentieth century. To do so, This paper examines New York Times obituaries throughout the 1940s and analyzes the content that prominent Jewish men had published about themselves. These obituaries represent the fulfillment of the Jewish male aspirations and what they wanted to be known for. Along with this, this paper also explores Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman, a 1949 play that narrates the life and death of an “everyman.” While he strives to find success and fame for himself and his family, he fails to achieve the same aspirations as the men in the obituaries. Ultimately, this paper works to add complexity and new dialogue to the understanding of Jewish masculinity and also seeks to generate interest in comparatively working with both nonfiction and fiction primary printed sources.
  • Item
    Influenza Vaccine Hesitancy Among College Students in the United States: A Review of the Literature
    (2023) Hofman, Isabella; Lohr, Justin
    A literature review that explores a pressing health issue on college campuses--influenza vaccine hesitancy. Influenza vaccine uptake among undergraduate students is shockingly-low. Through research, this work uncovers attitudes/beliefs about influenza, the relationship between influenza & COVID-19 uptake, racial/ethnic differences in vaccination, barriers to vaccine uptake, strategies to improve vaccination rates, and future directions/limitations.
  • Item
    Imperialism’s Wayward Child: The Impact of Imperialist Thought on Neanderthal Reconstructions
    (2023-03-30) Sennewald, Kaitlin; Forrester, Mark; English
    Our popular and scientific reconstructions of Neanderthals have varied greatly over the past 200 years, following trends in Enlightenment thought and race science. This paper traces Neanderthal reconstructions over time from the Enlightenment to the 1970s, connecting them to Western imperialist ideals and actions, and builds on previous literature by extending the imperialist influence past World War II and into the Vietnam War era. Through analyzing political thought, scientific reconstructions, and artistic/popular work, it is evident that a post-Enlightenment imperialist influence permeated not only the Western sociopolitical sphere, but also the scientific sphere. This research, through its focus on Neanderthal reconstructions, therefore additionally serves as a case study in how sociopolitical activity and scientific approaches reify each other in order to perpetuate a certain dominant narrative.
  • Item
    Al-Ghazali’s Interpretation of Muslim Men and Menstruation in the 11th Century
    (2023-03-30) Holland, Schmitz; Yavuzer, Gamze; History
    The paper focuses on medieval menstruation in the Islamic religion. The primary source is Marriage and Sexuality in Islam: a Translation of al-Ghazali’s Book on the Etiquette of Marriage from the Ihya by Madelain Farah, who translated and edited al-Ghazali’s work to English. The paper explores other scholarly work on menstruation in the medieval time period or in various religions. Ultimately, the paper discovered that al-Ghazali’s writing on menstruation was a male oriented view, based in the 11th century, and was therefore very strict. al-Ghazali's views did not follow all of Muhammad’s original views on women, prayer, and menstruation.
  • Item
    Cultural Chaos at Comiskey: Baseball and Disco's Intersection in 1979
    (2023-03-30) Roberts, Christopher; Keane, Katarina; History
    Disco Demolition Night was an infamous promotion at Chicago's Comiskey Park in July of 1979. In between games of a Major League Baseball doubleheader, a box of disco records was exploded in centerfield. Fans left their sears and stormed the field. They set fires and destroyed the field. 44 years later, the promotion is remembered in several different ways. Some remember at the promotion as a night as a silly promotion gone wrong, while others view it as a racist and homophobic event to combat the rise of the disco era. There is a clear disparity in how the night is remembered by baseball fans and those studying disco culture in the 1970s. My research looks to answer how Disco Demolition Night happened, how it is remembered today, and how it should be remembered. I argue that it should be viewed as a transitional moment in baseball and disco culture in 1979. Disco Demolition Night demonstrates both the modernization of professional sports, and the the widespread anti-disco sentiment in the late 70s. Viewed through different lenses, Disco Demolition Night can be a part of telling many stories about American culture in the 1970s.
  • Item
    Getting from Sesame Street to Sesamstrasse: The Development of Sesame Street's International Adaptations, 1970-1978
    (2023-03-30) Richardson, Evan; Keane, Katarina; History
    “Getting from Sesame Street to Sesamstrasse” looks at the American children’s television show Sesame Street and its international adaptations in the early 1970s, tracing the development of a iterative model of co-production that sought ever-greater collaboration between the Children’s Television Workshop and native producers and educators. Through adaptation, Sesame Street proliferated into many nationally unique programs within the umbrella of the original program, emphasizing the benefits of adaptation against an imperialist model of cultural diffusion. A narrative not present in extant historiography, the coproduction model provides a valuable case study into intentioned cultural adaptation, pointing to a successful model for education and for television production.
  • Item
    Homosexual Investigations: The CIA’s Contribution to the Lavender Scare from the 1950s to the 1980s
    (2023-03-30) Hough, Cecelia; Woods, Colleen; History
    This research paper analyzes why and how the CIA participated in the “Lavender Scare,” specifically why and how they discriminated against gay and lesbian employees from the 1950s to the 1980s. The CIA discriminated against gay and lesbian employees because they feared that they could be blackmailed into revealing United States secrets and that they were unreliable and immoral. This justification remained largely the same from the 1950s to the 1980s. Additionally, they were able to discriminate against gay and lesbian individuals for longer than other agencies and departments of the federal government. This is because of their extensive use of polygraph examinations, or lie detector tests, as well as the lack of both internal regulations from the CIA itself, and external regulations from areas like the U.S. government. It’s important to remember this history of CIA discrimination given their recent hiring campaign targeted at LGBTQ+ individuals. This research aims to contribute to the historiography on the Lavender Scare, and specifically the CIA’s involvement in it, both of which are under-discussed.
  • Item
    Break the Chain: Incarcerated Women Fight for Prisoners’ Rights in the 1970s
    (2023-03-30) Hernandez, Layla; Keane, Katarina; History
    My research focuses on incarcerated women. Specifically, their contribution to the Prisoners' Rights Movement in the 1960s and the 1970s. I explain why convicted women are disregarded in society and how their status allows them to be overlooked by scholars. In addition, I give three examples of incarcerated women protesting for basic human rights all across the United States.
  • Item
    Toward a People’s History of the University of Maryland: AFSCME Local 1072
    (2023-03-27) Fox, Emily; Keane, Katarina; History
    This paper covers the history of how workers at the University of Maryland, College Park won collective bargaining rights on campus through their union, AFSCME Local 1072. Starting in the late 1960s, UMCP campus workers, including housekeepers, dining service workers, and maintenance workers began to organize despite racial divisions on campus. An opportune political moment, along with strategies associated with the 9-to-5 movement to bring in clerical workers was what established AFSCME on campus as workers' exclusive bargaining representative after nearly 50 years of organizing.
  • Item
    “A Quest for the Truth:” An Analysis of the Background and Context behind the Southern University Slave Narrative Project and the WPA Slave Narrative Project
    (2023-03-27) Early, Elizabeth; Bell, Richard; History
    This thesis analyzes the two Great Depression Era efforts to interview the survivors of slavery. The first effort was conducted in the early 1930s by John B. Cade at Southern University, a historically Black University. The individuals involved with this project sought to dispel the popular and misleading 'contented slave argument' by interviewing survivors of slavery. The second project, conducted by the New Deal's Work's Progress Administration, was created to provide economic relief to educated Black Americans. This thesis contextualizes these projects, and evaluates how or if they met their original goals.
  • Item
    Discomfort and Unpleasantness: The Vietnam Antiwar Movement at the Supreme Court
    (2022-03-11) Krauskopf, Lauren; Keane, Katarina; History
    This submission analyzes the use of the U.S. court system in the Vietnam antiwar movement. Specifically, this paper looks at how activists used the Supreme Court to protect their First Amendment rights to protest. In protecting their rights through the courts, these activists ensured the continued development and growth of the antiwar movement. Legal activism in this way was distinct because it allowed the movement to grow in ways that other forms of protest did not. It also impacted the lives of those not involved in the movement by enhancing their First Amendment rights in ways that protests outside the courtroom never would have been able to.
  • Item
    Environmental Justice in South Baltimore: the intersectionality of poverty, race, and environment
    (2022-03-11) Hasan, Yazan; Leslie, Brice; Agriculture and Natural Resources
    A documentary seeking to define environmental justice to unfamiliar audiences, using South Baltimore as a case study.
  • Item
    Live Performance: Ritual Therapy
    (2022-03-11) Resnick, Jordan; Garcia, Marielis; Theatre, Dance, and Performance Studies
    Live performance facilitating a space for difficult emotions -- such as trauma, depression, anxiety, and fear -- can be explored in a safe environment. Diving into painful themes under a creative lens allows participants to closely examine their own deeply held bodily responses to traumatic experiences while being guided through the process by artistic facilitators. In doing so, actors, audience members, and participants alike can commence on a journey in integrating healing practices within a community environment granting people the opportunity to understand their currently held stress-induced anatomical patterns and thinking models, bringing about closure and acceptance.
  • Item
    Educate and Empower: An Online Intervention to Improve College Women’s Knowledge and Confidence When Communicating in a Romantic Relationship
    (2022-03-11) Trovato, Karoline; O'Brien, Karen; Department of Psychology
    Historically, and especially during the covid-19 pandemic, the vast majority of unpaid family care has been provided by women with devastating associated outcomes including lost jobs, increased poverty, and mental health concerns. Notably, equal family work distribution and healthy communication are associated with women’s relationship satisfaction and fewer depressive symptoms. The purpose of this study is to create an innovative online intervention to educate college women about family work distribution, effective communication, and the PARTNERS Communication Model (a strategy for healthy communication based on existing literature and developed by Trovato and O’Brien for this intervention). A randomized controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of the video intervention. We hypothesized that college women who completed the intervention, compared to those who read a webpage about relationship satisfaction and those in a no-intervention control condition, would have the most knowledge on family work distribution, effective communication, and the PARTNERS Communication Model. We also expected the women in the intervention condition to demonstrate the most confidence in their ability to communicate with a current or future partner. Data analyses will include qualitative data coding using coding schemes developed through qualitative content analysis and a series of four multivariate analyses of variance to test the hypotheses. Ultimately, the goal of this intervention is to increase future relationship satisfaction, reduce depression, and equalize family work distribution for women.
  • Item
    Surveillance in the United States: From the War on Drugs to the War on Terrorism
    (2022-03-11) Kingston, Linette; Lopez, Andrea; ; Anthropology
    Mass mobilization to reform US society by the state is frequently characterized as a “war,” such as the War on Poverty, the War on Crime, the War on Drugs. In particular, aspects of war efforts often parallel the very real discourse and approaches taken during the War on Drugs and the War on Terrorism, for example. Thus, I compare the War on Drugs and War on Terrorism (post-9/11) in terms of the domestic surveillance approaches taken during these periods and examine the disproportionate impacts on communities, in particular, Muslim American ones. I apply the concepts of penality/the logic of punishment to highlight the focus on increased funding for the police over social service provision, the body politic to analyze whose bodies require surveillance and control, and the criminalization of everyday life to explore the consequences of mass surveillance. Through these anthropological frameworks, I demonstrate: 1). in the framing of the War on Drugs and the War on Terrorism, citizens are portrayed differently based on their background; 2). in both wars, the criminalization of everyday life occurs, although the approaches to surveillance differ; 3). by relying on punishment to prevent terrorism, policymakers contribute to hypermarginality among Muslim American communities.
  • Item
    Olde Towne, New Townspeople: An Anthropological Analysis of the Life Stages of 1.5 Generation Latino Immigrants in Gaithersburg, MD
    (2022-03-11) Eason, Emily; Getrich, Christina; Honors Humanities Living-Learning Program
    "Olde Towne, New Townspeople" is a research paper written for the Honors Humanities Keystone project at the University of Maryland. It uses an anthropological research perspective to describe three main stages of life that young 1.5 Generation Latinos in Gaithersburg, Maryland go through on their immigration journey to the United States. This paper discusses survey, interview, and focus group results to tell the largely untold story of Latino immigrants in Gaithersburg in order to shine a light on the younger generation and their growing need for documentation.
  • Item
    Laputa and its Satire: From Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels to Miyazaki’s Castle in the Sky
    (2022-03-11) Dallimore, Elissa; Nelson, Karen; Department of English
    This research project aims to shed light on Jonathan Swift's satire present in the third part of Gulliver's Travels (1726). The paper examines current discourse regarding whether Swift sought to satirize absolute sovereignty or the Royal Society and evaluates these claims using textual evidence and two Royal Society pamphlets. In doing so, this project argues that the Royal Society's corruption demonstrates the dangers of absolute sovereignty that can impose faulty innovations upon the populace. The paper also compares the novel to Hayao Miyazaki's film, Laputa: Castle in the Sky (1989), to demonstrate how it effectively embodies and adapts Swift's warnings for the present day.
  • Item
    Black Grief Matters: Disenfranchisement, Social Support, and Coping Among Black College Students Grieving the Deaths of Black Americans by Police Brutality
    (2022-03-11) Harris, Madelyn; O'Brien, Karen; Psychology
    Today, Black Americans are nearly three times more likely than their white American counterparts to be killed by police, accounting for more than 40% of the victims of police killings nationwide (Bor et al., 2018). These murders are receiving considerable media attention as some have been captured on video and shared widely via social media and news platforms. Moreover, the Black Lives Matter movement, which aims to emphasize the precarious state of Black lives, focuses needed attention on these horrific deaths by police brutality (Rankine, 2015). The ubiquity of social media and news platforms facilitates widespread viewing and sharing of police brutality against Black Americans, with the viewing of such events potentially more pronounced among college students, as over 84% of 18 to 29 year-olds use at least one social media site (Pew Research Center, 2021). Exposure to this violence is associated with negative mental health outcomes among Black Americans including heightened stress, depression, and grief and loss reactions (Allen & Solomon, 2016; Bor et al., 2018; Tynes et al., 2019). Factors which may contribute to these negative mental health outcomes include disenfranchisement of grief (i.e., the grief not being recognized or acknowledged; Piazza-Bonin et al., 2015), the absence of social support during grieving (Burke et al., 2010; Stroebe et al., 2005), and the ways in which college students cope with these killings and their grief (Andersen et al., 2013; Fox, 2019). The purpose of this study was to examine how grief disenfranchisement, social support and coping style predict stress, depressive symptoms, and prolonged grief in Black college students as they respond to the deaths of Black Americans by police brutality.