Global Network Alignment Using Multiscale Spectral Signatures

dc.contributor.authorPatro, Rob
dc.contributor.authorKingsford, Carl
dc.description.abstractMotivation: Protein interaction networks provide an important system-level view of biological processes. One of the fundamental problems in biological network analysis is the global alignment of a pair of networks, which puts the proteins of one network into correspondence with the proteins of another network in a manner that conserves their interactions while respecting other evidence of their homology. By providing a mapping between the networks of different species, alignments can be used to inform hypotheses about the functions of unannotated proteins, the existence of unobserved interactions, the evolutionary divergence between the two species and the evolution of complexes and pathways. Results: We introduce GHOST, a global pairwise network aligner that uses a novel spectral signature to measure topological similarity across disparate networks. It exhibits state-of-the-art performance on several network alignment tasks. We show that the spectral signature used by GHOST is highly discriminative, while the alignments it produces are also robust to experimental noise. When compared with other recent approaches, we find that GHOST is able to recover larger and biologically-significant, shared subnetworks between species. Availability: An efficient and parallelized implementation of GHOST, released under the Apache 2.0 license, is available at http://
dc.description.sponsorshipFunding: This work was supported by the National Science Foundation [CCF-1053918, EF-0849899, and IIS-0812111]; the National Institutes of Health [1R21AI085376]; and a University of Maryland Institute for Advanced Studies New Frontiers Award.en_US
dc.relation.isAvailableAtCollege of Computer, Mathematical & Natural Sciencesen_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtComputer Scienceen_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtUniversity of Maryland (College Park, MD)en_us
dc.subjectNetwork Analysisen_US
dc.titleGlobal Network Alignment Using Multiscale Spectral Signaturesen_US


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