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Static Analysis of Upper and Lower Bounds on Dependences and Parallelism

dc.contributor.authorPugh, Williamen_US
dc.contributor.authorWonnacott, Daviden_US
dc.description.abstractExisting compilers often fail to parallelize sequential code, even when a program can be manually transformed into parallel form by a sequence of well-understood transformations (as is the case for many of the Perfect Club Benchmark programs). These failures can occur for several reasons: the code transformations implemented in the compiler may not be sufficient to produce parallel code, the compiler may not find the proper sequence of transformations, or the compiler may not be able to prove that one of the necessary transformations is legal. When a compiler extract sufficient parallelism from a program, the programmer extract additional parallelism. Unfortunately, the programmer is typically left to search for parallelism without significant assistance. The compiler generally does not give feedback about which parts of the program might contain additional parallelism, or about the types of transformations that might be needed to realize this parallelism. Standard program transformations and dependence abstractions cannot be used to provide this feedback. In this paper, we propose a two step approach for the search for parallelism in sequential programs: We first construct several sets of constraints that describe, for each statement, which iterations of that statement can be executed concurrently. By constructing constraints that correspond to different assumptions about which dependences might be eliminated through additional analysis, transformations and user assertions, we can determine whether we can expose parallelism by eliminating dependences. In the second step of our search for parallelism, we examine these constraint sets to identify the kinds of transformations that are needed to exploit scalable parallelism. Our tests will identify conditional parallelism and parallelism that can be exposed by combinations of transformations that reorder the iteration space (such as loop interchange and loop peeling). This approach lets us distinguish inherently sequential code from code that contains unexploited parallelism. It also produces information about the kinds of transformations that will be needed to parallelize the code, without worrying about the order of application of the transformations. Furthermore, when our dependence test is inexact, we can identify which unresolved dependences inhibit parallelism by comparing the effects of assuming dependence or independence. We are currently exploring the use of this information in programmer-assisted parallelization. (Also cross-referenced as UMIACS-TR-94-40)en_US
dc.format.extent298488 bytes
dc.relation.ispartofseriesUM Computer Science Department; CS-TR-3250en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesUMIACS; UMIACS-TR-94-40en_US
dc.titleStatic Analysis of Upper and Lower Bounds on Dependences and Parallelismen_US
dc.typeTechnical Reporten_US
dc.relation.isAvailableAtDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_US
dc.relation.isAvailableAtUniversity of Maryland (College Park, Md.)en_US
dc.relation.isAvailableAtTech Reports in Computer Science and Engineeringen_US
dc.relation.isAvailableAtUMIACS Technical Reportsen_US

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