Support and influence in the context of diabetes management: Do racial/ethnic differences exist?
August, K. J.
Sorkin, D. H.
August, K. J. and Sorkin, D. H. (2011) Support and influence in the context of diabetes management: Do racial/ethnic differences exist? Journal of Health Psychology, 16 (5). pp. 711-721.
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This study examined the sources and frequency of, and dietary behavioral responses to, health-related social support and control in a racially/ethnically diverse sample of 1,361 adults with type 2 diabetes. Spouses were the most frequently reported sources of support/control for all racial/ethnic groups examined. Mexican Americans and Vietnamese Americans received more support/control compared to non-Hispanic whites. All types of social involvement were associated with good dietary behavior for Mexican Americans, whereas only support was associated with good dietary behavior for non-Hispanic whites. The findings underscore the importance of considering racial/ethnic differences in examining social network members’ involvement in chronic disease management.