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Title: LONG-TIME EXISTENCE OF SMOOTH SOLUTIONS FOR THLong time existence of smooth solutions for the rapidly rotating shallow-water and Euler equationsE
Authors: CHENG, BIN
Type: Article
Keywords: shallow-water equations
rapid rotation
pressureless equations
critical threshold
two-dimensinoal Euler equations
long-time existence
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Copyright: Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
Citation: B. Cheng & E. Tadmor (2007). Long time existence of smooth solutions for the rapidly rotating shallow-water and Euler equations. SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis 39(5) (2008) 1668-1685.
Abstract: We study the stabilizing effect of rotational forcing in the nonlinear setting of twodimensional shallow-water and more general models of compressible Euler equations. In [Phys. D, 188 (2004), pp. 262–276] Liu and Tadmor have shown that the pressureless version of these equations admit a global smooth solution for a large set of subcritical initial configurations. In the present work we prove that when rotational force dominates the pressure, it prolongs the lifespan of smooth solutions for t <∼ ln(δ−1); here δ  1 is the ratio of the pressure gradient measured by the inverse squared Froude number, relative to the dominant rotational forces measured by the inverse Rossby number. Our study reveals a “nearby” periodic-in-time approximate solution in the small δ regime, upon which hinges the long-time existence of the exact smooth solution. These results are in agreement with the close-to-periodic dynamics observed in the “near-inertial oscillation” (NIO) regime which follows oceanic storms. Indeed, our results indicate the existence of a smooth, “approximate periodic” solution for a time period of days, which is the relevant time period found in NIO obesrvations.
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