Citation Handling: Processing Citation Texts in Scientific Documents
Whidby, Michael Alan
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Citation sentences (sentences that cite other papers) play a key role in the summarization of scientific articles. However, a citation-based summarization system that depends on generic natural language processing components, such as parsers or sentence compressors, will perform poorly if those components cannot handle citations correctly. In this thesis, I examine the effect of citation handling on parsing, sentence compression, and multi-document summarization. There are two types of citations that occur in citation sentences: constituent citations and parenthetical citations. I propose an automatic citation classifier based on training data created through Mechanical Turk tasks. I demonstrate that the use of type-specific citation handling as pre-processing improves the performance of a state-of-the-art generic parser, both for quality of the parse trees and running time. Extrinsic evaluations demonstrate that improving the performance of a parser on citation sentences in turn improves the performance of a sentence compressor, Trimmer (Zajic et al., 2007), and a multi-document summarization system, MASCS, according to several summarization measures.