RACIAL SOCIALIZATION AS A PREDICTOR OF ADOLESCENT RACIAL IDENTITY: IS GENDER A MODERATOR?
Smith Bynum, Mia
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The current study examined the role of gender in the relationship between racial socialization and racial identity among 133 African American adolescents (44% boys, 56% girls). Two dimensions of racial socialization, cultural socialization and preparation for coping with racial bias were evaluated alongside two dimensions of racial identity (centrality and private regard). Results revealed that messages focused on cultural pride and alertness to discrimination were both linked to private regard. Surprisingly, none of the messages predicted racial centrality. Against expectations, gender did not moderate relationships between racial socialization and racial identity. Considerations for the development and use of gendered racial socialization measures are provided.