Cultural Control of Drosophila suzukii in Small Fruit—Current and Pending Tactics in the U.S.

dc.contributor.authorSchöneberg, Torsten
dc.contributor.authorLewis, Margaret T.
dc.contributor.authorBurrack, Hannah J.
dc.contributor.authorGrieshop, Matthew
dc.contributor.authorIsaacs, Rufus
dc.contributor.authorRendon, Dalila
dc.contributor.authorRogers, Mary
dc.contributor.authorRothwell, Nikki
dc.contributor.authorSial, Ashfaq A.
dc.contributor.authorWalton, Vaughn M.
dc.contributor.authorHamby, Kelly A.
dc.date.accessioned2023-11-07T14:35:25Z
dc.date.available2023-11-07T14:35:25Z
dc.date.issued2021-02-17
dc.description.abstractSpotted-wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae), a vinegar fly of Asian origin, has emerged as a devastating pest of small and stone fruits throughout the United States. Tolerance for larvae is extremely low in fresh market fruit, and management is primarily achieved through repeated applications of broad-spectrum insecticides. These applications are neither economically nor environmentally sustainable, and can limit markets due to insecticide residue restrictions, cause outbreaks of secondary pests, and select for insecticide resistance. Sustainable integrated pest management programs include cultural control tactics and various nonchemical approaches for reducing pest populations that may be useful for managing D. suzukii. This review describes the current state of knowledge and implementation for different cultural controls including preventative tactics such as crop selection and exclusion as well as strategies to reduce habitat favorability (pruning; mulching; irrigation), alter resource availability (harvest frequency; sanitation), and lower suitability of fruit postharvest (cooling; irradiation). Because climate, horticultural practices, crop, and market underlie the efficacy, feasibility, and affordability of cultural control tactics, the potential of these tactics for D. suzukii management is discussed across different production systems.
dc.description.urihttps://doi.org/10.3390/insects12020172
dc.identifierhttps://doi.org/10.13016/dspace/brjn-fvqv
dc.identifier.citationSchöneberg, T.; Lewis, M.T.; Burrack, H.J.; Grieshop, M.; Isaacs, R.; Rendon, D.; Rogers, M.; Rothwell, N.; Sial, A.A.; Walton, V.M.; et al. Cultural Control of Drosophila suzukii in Small Fruit—Current and Pending Tactics in the U.S. Insects 2021, 12, 172.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1903/31287
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.relation.isAvailableAtDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtUniversity of Maryland (College Park, Md)en_us
dc.subjectexclusion
dc.subjectpruning
dc.subjectmulching
dc.subjectirrigation
dc.subjectmicroclimate
dc.subjectsanitation
dc.subjectpostharvest
dc.subjectIPM
dc.subjectspotted-wing drosophila
dc.titleCultural Control of Drosophila suzukii in Small Fruit—Current and Pending Tactics in the U.S.
dc.typeArticle
local.equitableAccessSubmissionNo

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