ENGINEERING THE B1 DOMAIN OF STREPTOCOCCAL PROTEIN G: STRUCTURAL INVESTIGATIONS BY MULTlDIMENSIONAL HETERONUCLEAR NMR

dc.contributor.advisorThirumalai, Devarajan
dc.contributor.authorFrank, Mary Kirsten
dc.contributor.departmentInstitute for Physical Science and Technology
dc.contributor.publisherDigital Repository at the University of Maryland
dc.contributor.publisherUniversity of Maryland (College Park, MD)
dc.date.accessioned2023-10-31T16:39:05Z
dc.date.available2023-10-31T16:39:05Z
dc.date.issued2000
dc.description.abstractThe B1 domain of streptococcal protein G provides a well-characterized system for structural investigations of proteins. In this thesis, the urea-unfolded state has been characterized, the tolerance towards hydrophobic substitutions in the core has been surveyed, the hydrogen exchange behavior of the backbone amides has been elucidated, and structural information on a tetrameric mutant of this domain has been gathered. The chemical shifts of the urea-unfolded state were assigned. The secondary chemical shifts, the 3JHNa coupling constants and the short-range NOEs gave no indication of residual structure. Measurement of the backbone 15N relaxation parameters revealed a region of restricted motion in the β3- β4 turn of the native protein. Motion in the rest of the protein was uniform, with the exception of 3-4 residues at either end of the chain. A series of hydrophobic substitutions were made in the hydrophobic core. The resulting mutants were assayed for stability and overall fold . The core of the protein is particularly sensitive to substitutions at position 26. One of the mutants was unable to adopt the GB1 fold and optimized its stability by adopting a homotetrameric form. Hydrogen exchange in the backbone amides was measured at 25 °C. Rates of hydrogen exchange were inversely correlated with burial of the amide nitrogen. The slow-exchanging backbone amides did not correlate with the hydrogen bonds formed early in protein folding. Hydrogen exchange rates from NH to ND and from ND to NH were similar. The ratio between these two rates does not correlate with any obvious physical parameters of the hydrogen bonds. Chemical shifts for the tetrameric mutant (HS#124) were determined using three-dimensional heteronuclear NMR techniques. Measurement of the backbone dynamics revealed a highly flexible region between positions 8 and 22. The secondary structure and β-sheet interactions of this mutant were characterized. The β-sheet interactions were intermolecular and only one of the three β-strand pairings was similar to the β-strand pairings found in wild type GB1 . The novel pairing is between β1 of one monomer and β1 of another monomer and a shift in register is observed for the β3-β4 pairing.
dc.identifierhttps://doi.org/10.13016/dspace/yqaq-30xl
dc.identifier.otherILLiad # 1594902
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1903/31235
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.titleENGINEERING THE B1 DOMAIN OF STREPTOCOCCAL PROTEIN G: STRUCTURAL INVESTIGATIONS BY MULTlDIMENSIONAL HETERONUCLEAR NMR
dc.typeDissertation
local.equitableAccessSubmissionNo

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