Golden geese or white elephants? The paradoxes of world heritage sites and community-based tourism development in Agra, India

dc.contributor.authorChakravarty, Surajit
dc.contributor.authorIrazabal, Clara
dc.date.accessioned2021-04-18T20:10:14Z
dc.date.available2021-04-18T20:10:14Z
dc.date.issued2011
dc.description.abstractThis study examines the relationship between World Heritage Sites (WHSs) and local community development in Agra, India. We investigate two interrelated themes: the role of planning in developing the tourism potential of the Taj Mahal and other WHSs in Agra, and the impact of the WHS framework on the development of the city. We analyze the weaknesses of the institutions and agencies responsible for Agra’s inability to convert the development potential created by its three WHSs into significant economic, community and infrastructure improvements. The Agra case reveals a set of developmental paradoxes, whereby the restructuring of the tourist industry induced by the designation of WHSs does not lead to proportionate advances in local community development. Several factors were found to be systemic problems, but some recent schemes are worth supporting and expanding. The paradoxes and potential of economic, tourism, and community development in Agra echo those of other developing localities which host WHSs around the world. Following an assessment of problems and challenges, a set of recommendations is directed toward the development of pro-poor, community-based heritage tourism with the aim of informing integrated planning for the community and for heritage and tourism resources in the future.en_US
dc.identifierhttps://doi.org/10.13016/zxzd-utgi
dc.identifier.citationChakravarty, S. and C. Irazábal. “Golden Geese or White Elephants? The Paradoxes of World Heritage Sites and Community-Based Tourism Development in Agra, India.” In Phillips, R. and S. Roberts (ed). Tourism, Planning, and Community Development. New York: Routledge, 2013, 125-142. https://doi.org/10.1080/15575330.2010.519042en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1903/26971
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen_US
dc.subjectworld heritage sitesen_US
dc.subjectcommunity-based tourismen_US
dc.subjectplanningen_US
dc.subjectAgraen_US
dc.subjectIndiaen_US
dc.titleGolden geese or white elephants? The paradoxes of world heritage sites and community-based tourism development in Agra, Indiaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US

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