Fine mapping of copy number variations on two cattle genome assemblies using high density SNP array

dc.contributor.authorHou, Yali
dc.contributor.authorBickhart, Derek M
dc.contributor.authorHvinden, Miranda L
dc.contributor.authorLi, Congjun
dc.contributor.authorSong, Jiuzhou
dc.contributor.authorBoichard, Didier A
dc.contributor.authorFritz, Sébastien
dc.contributor.authorEggen, André
dc.contributor.authorDeNise, Sue
dc.contributor.authorWiggans, George R
dc.contributor.authorSonstegard, Tad S
dc.contributor.authorVan Tassell, Curtis P
dc.contributor.authorLiu, George E
dc.date.accessioned2021-09-28T20:23:35Z
dc.date.available2021-09-28T20:23:35Z
dc.date.issued2012-08-06
dc.description.abstractBtau_4.0 and UMD3.1 are two distinct cattle reference genome assemblies. In our previous study using the low density BovineSNP50 array, we reported a copy number variation (CNV) analysis on Btau_4.0 with 521 animals of 21 cattle breeds, yielding 682 CNV regions with a total length of 139.8 megabases. In this study using the high density BovineHD SNP array, we performed high resolution CNV analyses on both Btau_4.0 and UMD3.1 with 674 animals of 27 cattle breeds. We first compared CNV results derived from these two different SNP array platforms on Btau_4.0. With two thirds of the animals shared between studies, on Btau_4.0 we identified 3,346 candidate CNV regions representing 142.7 megabases (~4.70%) of the genome. With a similar total length but 5 times more event counts, the average CNVR length of current Btau_4.0 dataset is significantly shorter than the previous one (42.7 kb vs. 205 kb). Although subsets of these two results overlapped, 64% (91.6 megabases) of current dataset was not present in the previous study. We also performed similar analyses on UMD3.1 using these BovineHD SNP array results. Approximately 50% more and 20% longer CNVs were called on UMD3.1 as compared to those on Btau_4.0. However, a comparable result of CNVRs (3,438 regions with a total length 146.9 megabases) was obtained. We suspect that these results are due to the UMD3.1 assembly's efforts of placing unplaced contigs and removing unmerged alleles. Selected CNVs were further experimentally validated, achieving a 73% PCR validation rate, which is considerably higher than the previous validation rate. About 20-45% of CNV regions overlapped with cattle RefSeq genes and Ensembl genes. Panther and IPA analyses indicated that these genes provide a wide spectrum of biological processes involving immune system, lipid metabolism, cell, organism and system development. In this study using the high density BovineHD SNP array, we performed high resolution CNV analyses on both Btau_4.0 and UMD3.1 with 674 animals of 27 cattle breeds. We first compared CNV results derived from these two different SNP array platforms on Btau_4.0. With two thirds of the animals shared between studies, on Btau_4.0 we identified 3,346 candidate CNV regions representing 142.7 megabases (~4.70%) of the genome. With a similar total length but 5 times more event counts, the average CNVR length of current Btau_4.0 dataset is significantly shorter than the previous one (42.7 kb vs. 205 kb). Although subsets of these two results overlapped, 64% (91.6 megabases) of current dataset was not present in the previous study. We also performed similar analyses on UMD3.1 using these BovineHD SNP array results. Approximately 50% more and 20% longer CNVs were called on UMD3.1 as compared to those on Btau_4.0. However, a comparable result of CNVRs (3,438 regions with a total length 146.9 megabases) was obtained. We suspect that these results are due to the UMD3.1 assembly's efforts of placing unplaced contigs and removing unmerged alleles. Selected CNVs were further experimentally validated, achieving a 73% PCR validation rate, which is considerably higher than the previous validation rate. About 20-45% of CNV regions overlapped with cattle RefSeq genes and Ensembl genes. Panther and IPA analyses indicated that these genes provide a wide spectrum of biological processes involving immune system, lipid metabolism, cell, organism and system development. We present a comprehensive result of cattle CNVs at a higher resolution and sensitivity. We identified over 3,000 candidate CNV regions on both Btau_4.0 and UMD3.1, further compared current datasets with previous results, and examined the impacts of genome assemblies on CNV calling.en_US
dc.description.urihttps://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-13-376
dc.identifierhttps://doi.org/10.13016/dgq1-fqk9
dc.identifier.citationHou, Y., Bickhart, D.M., Hvinden, M.L. et al. Fine mapping of copy number variations on two cattle genome assemblies using high density SNP array. BMC Genomics 13, 376 (2012).en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1903/28045
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherSpringer Natureen_US
dc.relation.isAvailableAtCollege of Agriculture & Natural Resourcesen_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtAnimal & Avian Sciencesen_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtUniversity of Maryland (College Park, MD)en_us
dc.subjectCattle genomeen_US
dc.subjectBreeden_US
dc.subjectCopy number variation (CNV)en_US
dc.subjectSingle nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)en_US
dc.titleFine mapping of copy number variations on two cattle genome assemblies using high density SNP arrayen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US

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