Resource Allocation Schemes for OFDMA Based Wireless Systems with Quality of Service Constraints
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With its capabilities like elimination of intersymbol interference, intercell interference averaging, scalability and high bandwidth efficiency OFDMA is becoming the basis for current wireless communication technologies. In this dissertation we study the problem of multiple access and resource allocation for OFDMA-based cellular systems that support users with various quality of service (QoS) requirements. In Chapters 2 and 3 of the dissertation, we consider the problem of downlink transmission (from base station to users) for proportional fairness of long term averaged received rates of data users as well as QoS for voice and video sessions. Delay requirements of real time sessions are converted into rate requirements at each frame. The base station allocates available power and bandwidth to individual users based onreceived rates, rate constraints and channel conditions. We formulate and solve the underlying constrained optimization problem and propose an algorithm that achieves the optimal allocation. In Chapter 3, we obtain a resource allocation scheme that is simpler but achieves a performance comparable to the optimal algorithm proposed in Chapter 2. The algorithms that we propose are especially intended for broadband networks supporting mobile users as the subchannelization scheme we assume averages out the fading in subchannels and performs better under fast fading environment. This also leads to algorithms that are simpler than the ones available in the literature. In Chapter 4 of the dissertation we include relay stations to the previousmodel. The use of low-cost relay stations in OFDM based broadband networks receives increasing attention as they help to improve the cell coverage. For a network supporting heterogeneous traffic we study TDMA based subframe allocation for base and relay stations as well as joint power/bandwidth allocation for individual sessions. We propose an algorithm again using the constrained optimization framework. Our numerical results prove that our multihop relay scheme indeed improves the network coverage and satisfy QoS requirements of user at the cell edge. In the last Chapter, we deviate from the previous chapters and consider an OFDMA based system where the subchannels experience frequency selective fading. We investigate a standard subchannel allocation scheme that exploits multiuser diversity by allocating each subchannel to the user with maximum normalized SNR. Using extreme value theory and generating function approach we did a queueing analysis for this system and estimated the QoS violations through finding the tail distribution of the queue sizes of users. Simulation results show that our estimates are quite accurate and they can be used in admission control and rate control to improve the resource utilization in the system.