3D Wavelet-Based Video Codec with Human Perceptual Model
Baras, John S.
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This thesis explores the use of a human perceptual model in video compression, channel coding, error concealment and subjective image quality measurement. <p>The perceptual distortion model just-noticeable-distortion (JND) is investigated. A video encoding/decoding scheme based on 3D wavelet decomposition and the human perceptual model is implemented. It provides a prior compression quality control which is distinct from the conventional video coding system. JND is applied in quantizer design to improve the subjective quality ofcompressed video. <p>The 3D wavelet decomposition helps to remove spatial and temporal redundancy and provides scalability of video quality. In order to conceal the errors that may occur under bad wireless channel conditions, a slicing method and a joint source channel coding scenario that combines RCPC with CRC and uses the distortion information toallocate convolutional coding rates are proposed. A new subjective quality index based on JND is proposed and used to evaluate the overall performance at different signal to noise ratios (SNR) and at different compression ratios.<P><P>Due to the wide use of arithmetic coding (AC) in data compression, we consider it as a readily available unit in the video codec system for broadcasting. A new scheme for conditional access (CA) sub-system is designed based on the cryptographic property of arithmetic coding. Itsperformance is analyzed along with its application in a multi-resolution video compression system. This scheme simplifies the conditional access sub-system and provides satisfactory system reliability.