Representation of Spectral Profiles in the Auditory System Part II: A Ripple Analysis Model
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Based on experimental results presented in [Vranic-Sowers and Shamma, 1993], and on further physiological and psychoacoustical evidence, it is argued that the auditory system analyzes a spectral profile along two largely independent dimensions. They correspond to the magnitude and phase of a localized Fourier transformation of the profile, closely analogues to the spatial frequency transformations described in the visual system. Within this general framework, a model of profile analysis is proposed in which a spectral profile is assumed to be represented by a weighted sum of sinusoidally modulated spectra (ripples). The analysis is performed by a bank of bandpass filters, each tuned to a particular ripple frequency and ripple phase. The parameters of the model are estimated using data from ripple detection experiments in [Green, 1986; Hillier, 1991]. Perceptual thresholds are then computed from the filter outputs and compared with thresholds measured for peak profile experiments, and for detection tasks with step, single component increment, and the alternating profiles.