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A Study of File Manipulation by Novices Using Commands vs. Direct Manipulation

dc.contributor.authorMargono, Sepeedehen_US
dc.contributor.authorShneiderman, Benen_US
dc.description.abstractThere are three basic interactive styles of control in human interfaces with computers: command, menu, and direct manipulation. In the past few years, these three styles have become the subject of many studies. However, few comparisons have been done between interfaces that use direct manipulation and command styles. This experiment compares file manipulation operations on the Apple Macintosh, which has a direct manipulation interface, with the IBM PC with MS-DOS, which has the command interface. After a brief training period, novices accomplished file manipulation tasks more rapidly, with fewer errors and greater satisfaction with the Apple Macintosh. Problems arising for both versions are discussed and suggestions for improvements are made. (Also cross-referenced as CAR-TR-264)en_US
dc.format.extent50754 bytes
dc.relation.ispartofseriesUM Computer Science Department; CS-TR-1775en_US
dc.titleA Study of File Manipulation by Novices Using Commands vs. Direct Manipulationen_US
dc.typeTechnical Reporten_US
dc.relation.isAvailableAtDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_US
dc.relation.isAvailableAtUniversity of Maryland (College Park, Md.)en_US
dc.relation.isAvailableAtTech Reports in Computer Science and Engineeringen_US
dc.relation.isAvailableAtComputer Science Department Technical Reportsen_US

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