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OPTICAL AND ELECTRICAL RESPONSE OF SUPERCONDUCTING RESONATORS FOR A HYBRID QUANTUM SYSTEM

dc.contributor.advisorWellstood, Frederick C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorVoigt, Kristenen_US
dc.date.accessioned2021-09-22T05:38:20Z
dc.date.available2021-09-22T05:38:20Z
dc.date.issued2021en_US
dc.identifierhttps://doi.org/10.13016/byfg-cemz
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1903/27963
dc.description.abstractI describe my contributions towards a hybrid quantum system that would have coupled 87Rb atoms to a superconducting device. I first discuss my work coupling an optical fiber to a translatable thin-film LC lumped-element superconducting Al microwave resonator operating at 100 mK in a dilution refrigerator. The LC resonators had resonance frequencies f0 of 6.15 GHz, quality factors Q of 1.5 x 105 to 6.5 x 105 at high powers, and were mounted inside a superconducting aluminum 3D cavity with a resonance frequency of 7.5 GHz and Q of 8 x 103. An optical microfiber (60 µm diameter) passed through a hole in the 3D cavity near the LC resonator. The 3D cavity was mounted on an x-z attocube-translation stage that allowed the LC resonator to be moved relative to the fiber. The resonator’s f0 and Q were affected both by the fiber dielectric perturbing the resonator’s electric field and from scattered light from the fiber. I measured both effects as a function of fiber-resonator position. I modeled the resonator’s optical response by accounting for optical production, recombination, and diffusion of quasiparticles and the non-uniform position-dependent illumination of the resonator. Using the model, I extracted key parameters describing quasiparticles in the resonator. The hybrid quantum system requires the 87Rb and LC resonator resonance to be tuned to the same frequency. I describe our LC resonator tuning method which moves a superconducting Al pin into the resonator’s electric field, decreasing the resonator capacitance and increasing its resonance frequency up to 137 MHz. This was done at 15 mK using an attocube translation stage. I also investigated two-level system (TLS) defects in an LC resonator by applying a dc voltage. I describe a model in which the TLS causes a capacitive perturbation to the resonator rather than the ‘standard’ electric-dipole coupling model. I use this model of a capacitive TLS or cTLS, to describe intermittent telegraph noise measured in the transmission S21 through the resonator. I measured shifts in f0 of more than 6 kHz corresponding to a cTLS fluctuating its capacitance contribution by 430 zF.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleOPTICAL AND ELECTRICAL RESPONSE OF SUPERCONDUCTING RESONATORS FOR A HYBRID QUANTUM SYSTEMen_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.contributor.publisherDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_US
dc.contributor.publisherUniversity of Maryland (College Park, Md.)en_US
dc.contributor.departmentPhysicsen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledPhysicsen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledQuantum physicsen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledLow temperature physicsen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledcapacitive TLSen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledhybrid quantum systemen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledresonatoren_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledtwo-level systemen_US


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