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SUPERCONDUCTING RADIO FREQUENCY MATERIALS SCIENCE THROUGH NEAR-FIELD MAGNETIC MICROSCOPY

dc.contributor.advisorAnlage, Steven Men_US
dc.contributor.authorOripov, Bakhrom Gafurovichen_US
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-09T05:31:31Z
dc.date.available2020-10-09T05:31:31Z
dc.date.issued2020en_US
dc.identifierhttps://doi.org/10.13016/gdll-9g1a
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1903/26566
dc.description.abstractSuperconducing Radio-Frequency (SRF) cavities are the backbone of a new generation of particle accelerators used by the high energy physics community. Nowadays, the applications of SRF cavities have expanded far beyond the needs of basic science. The proposed usages include waste treatment, water disinfection, material strengthening, medical applications and even use as high-Q resonators in quantum computers. A practical SRF cavity needs to operate at extremely high rf fields while remaining in the low-loss superconducting state. State of the art Nb cavities can easily reach quality factors Q>2x10^10 at 1.3 GHz. Currently, the performance of the SRF cavities is limited by surface defects which lead to cavity breakdown at high accelerating gradients. Also, there are efforts to reduce the cost of manufacturing SRF cavities, and the cost of operation. This will require an R&D effort to go beyond bulk Nb cavities. Alternatives to bulk Nb are Nb-coated Copper and Nb3Sn cavities. When a new SRF surface treatment, coating technique, or surface optimization method is being tested, it is usually very costly and time consuming to fabricate a full cavity. A rapid rf characterization technique is needed to identify deleterious defects on Nb surfaces and to compare the surface response of materials fabricated by different surface treatments. In this thesis a local rf characterization technique that could fulfill this requirement is presented. First, a scanning magnetic microwave microscopy technique was used to study SRF grade Nb samples. Using this novel microscope the existence of surface weak-links was confirmed through their local nonlinear response. Time-Dependent Ginzburg-Landau (TDGL) simulations were used to reveal that vortex semiloops are created by the inhomogenious magnetic field of the magnetic probe, and contribute to the measured response. Also, a system was put in place to measure the surface resistance of SRF cavities at extremely low temperatures, down to T=70 mK, where the predictions for the surface resistance from various theoretical models diverge. SRF cavities require special treatment during the cooldown and measurement. This includes cooling the cavity down at a rate greater than 1K/minute, and very low ambient magnetic field B<50 nT. I present solutions to both of these challenges.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleSUPERCONDUCTING RADIO FREQUENCY MATERIALS SCIENCE THROUGH NEAR-FIELD MAGNETIC MICROSCOPYen_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.contributor.publisherDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_US
dc.contributor.publisherUniversity of Maryland (College Park, Md.)en_US
dc.contributor.departmentPhysicsen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledCondensed matter physicsen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledMaterials Scienceen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledLow temperature physicsen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledJosephson junctionen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledNonlinearen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledPPRen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledSPMen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledSRFen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledTDGLen_US


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