A STUDY ON TOTAL EVACUATION VERSUS SELECT EVACUATION FOR HIGH-RISE OFFICE BUILDINGS
Hartmann, Suzette Marina
Over the past hundred years, high-rise office buildings have been evacuated primarily due to fire incidents and terrorism attacks. Due to these incidents, there has been attention given on how to evacuate high-rise buildings more efficiently. Therefore, this thesis focuses on evaluating the evacuation strategies of high-rise buildings, with particular attention directed to how these strategies are affected by a building's size and occupant density. It discusses and demonstrates the issue of evacuation time as it relates to high-rise office buildings through the use of an evacuation model, EXIT89, and reviews the resulting times established by the model for each total and select evacuation. Overall, this research results in identifying that there are differences in the performance of the total and select evacuation strategies, with a greater penalty in the overall evacuation case than in the local (time to get evacuees out of the affected area).