Occupational Exposures Among Hair and Nail Salon Workers: a Scoping Review

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Quiros-Alcala, Lesliam
Pollack, Anna Z.
Tchangalova, Nedelina
DeSantiago, Melissa
Kavi, Lucy K. A.
Quiros-Alcala, L., Pollack, A. Z., Tchangalova, N., DeSantiago, M., & Kavi, L. K. A. (2019). Occupational exposures among hair and nail salon workers: A scoping review. Current Environmental Health Reports, 6(4), 269–285. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40572-019-00247-3
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the literature published from 2014 to 2019 on hair and nail salon workers concerning exposure assessment, reproductive and respiratory endpoints, and endocrine disruption, in relation to workplace exposures. RECENT FINDINGS: We identified 29 relevant peer-reviewed publications. Overall, there were insufficient studies to determine whether working in these settings is associated with reproductive health endpoints, although prior studies suggest that reproductive effects are of concern. There is consistent evidence that working in hair and nail salons may increase the risk of respiratory effects. Also, despite the fact that many hair and nail care products contain endocrine disrupting compounds, no recent studies have evaluated endocrine-related endpoints. Moreover, few studies have evaluated chemical exposures in these settings and biomonitoring studies are sparse. SUMMARY: Improved exposure assessment of chemical hazards in hair and nail salons is necessary to properly characterize occupational exposures and assess their potential health risks. Further studies on endpoints related to endocrine disruption and reproductive health outcomes among hair and nail salon workers are needed. Improved exposure and epidemiologic studies will help inform chemical exposure mitigation efforts in a vulnerable occupational population, as well as policies related to workplace and consumer product safety