Remilitarizing or Reacting? Explaining Japanese Prime Ministers' Proactiveness on National Defense
Liu, Christine Yige
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In my project, I seek to explain Japanese Prime Ministers’ attitude on national defense through content analysis over statements and speeches over the period 2009-2019. After coding each statement across four dimensions of proactiveness, I tested them against the null and three alternative hypotheses using different explanatory variables, such as instances of foreign vessels’ intrusions into Japan’s territorial sea and PM approval rating. I found that the use of active and passive rhetoric and general action in PM statements depend on individual leaders, but references to specific actions alone are motivated by threat perception across all PMs.