|dc.contributor.author||Thom, Ruth V.||
|dc.identifier.other||ILLiad # 1270229||
|dc.description.abstract||This study examined the occurrence of oral communication apprehension
(OCA) among 547 sixth grade students in two Maryland schools. The
focus was on the relationship between OCA and language achievement, as
well as attitudes towards the language arts including sex differences.
The Personal Report of Communication Fear Scale (McCroskey, 1977)
was administered to categorize the subjects into five OCA levels - Low,
Moderately Low, Moderate, Moderately High, and High. The scores gained
on the Iowa Test of Basic Skills - Language Subtest were used to assess
students' levels of language achievement, and their attitudes toward the
language arts were measured by their scores on the Attitudes Toward the
Language Arts Scale (Arlin-Hills)
Frequencies and percentages were computed for estimating differences
in the occurrence of oral communication apprehension among the groups and
sexes while Chi-square analysis was used for testing significance of sex
differences. Two-way ANOVA and Scheffe test for testing significance of
sex differences in language achievement and attitudes to the language arts, as well as one-way ANOVA and intercorrelations of the scores of
the PRCF and the two other measures were done to assess relationships
between these variables.
The following were the findings:
1. The High OCA group consisted of 15 percent of the sample, the
Low 16 percent and the three combined Moderate OCA groups 69 percent.
2. Sex differences in the occurrence of OCA at each level were of
no statistical significance, but slightly more girls than boys were
highly apprehensive about oral communication.
3. The Low and Moderate OCA girls' groups scored significantly
higher in language achievement than boys in these groups.
4. Sex differences in attitudes toward the language arts were not
5. There was a relationship between OCA and language achievement
indicated by a statistically significant difference among the five group
means and the high apprehensives scored below the sample mean, while the
low apprehensives scored above.
6. There was no relationship between OCA and attitudes towards the
language arts as there was no statistically significant difference among
the five OCA group means for the attitude scale.||en_US
|dc.title||Oral Communication Apprehension and Its Relationship to Language Achievement and Attitudes Toward the Language Arts||en_US
|dc.contributor.publisher||Digital Repository at the University of Maryland||
|dc.contributor.publisher||University of Maryland (College Park, Md)||
|dc.contributor.department||Human Development & Quantitative Methodology||