A REVISION OF THE GENUS ODONTONEMA (ACANTHACEAE)
Baum, Vicki M.
Reveal, James L.
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Odontonema Nees (Acanthaceae, Acanthoideae, Acanthatae, Odontonemeae) is a New World tropical or subtropical genus of 26 species and two varieties. Members of the genus are distributed from coastal central Mexico southward throughout Latin America into northern South America, with one species located on the southeastern coast of Brasil (a second species from Brasil is from an unknown location). Odontonema also is found on the Caribbean Islands. The genus consists of four major groups which, at this time, are not given formal taxonomic recognition: 1) red-purple (rarely white) flowered species (O. callistachyum and its relatives); 2) red flowered species with typically a bottle-shaped corolla (O. schornburgkianum and its relatives); 3) white-purple flowered species with a more strongly bilabiate corolla (O. nitidum and its relatives); and 4) yellow flowered species (O. hondurense and its relatives). Although a few members of Odontonema may be seen in cultivation, the present revision is based on an examination of herbarium material found in both New and Old World herbaria, a numerical analysis of macromorphological features, and an examination of pollen morphology. The four groups within Odontonema defined above were established after the numerical analysis, and all species save one (O. cuspidaturn) were found to have 3-colporate pollen characteristic of sect. Odontonemeae. Descriptions were prepared of each species based on available herbarium specimens...