OPTIMIZATION IN WIND ENGINEERING USING CYBER-PHYSICAL SYSTEMS FOR THE DESIGN OF PARAPET WALLS
Whiteman, Michael Lee
Phillips, Brian M
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Wind-related hazards are becoming an increasing threat as vulnerable coastal locations within the United States continue to see steady population growth. The lack of a corresponding increase in evacuation route capacity means coastal cities will need to rely on shelter-in-place strategies. The significant loss of life and economic impact from windstorms coupled with the expected population increase in vulnerable areas accentuates the need to develop new economical approaches to design and construct buildings capable of surviving extreme wind events. This thesis investigates the use of cyber-physical systems to optimize the structural design of wind-sensitive structures. The proposed design framework combines the efficiency of numerically guided optimization algorithms with the accuracy of boundary layer wind tunnel testing. The focus of this thesis is the development and evaluation of a cyber-physical approach to wind engineering design and its application to the design of a parapet for a low-rise building.