The Effects Of Cognitive Styles And Stereotype Threat On Cognitive Test Performance
Park, Joo Young
Hanges, Paul J.
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This study examined the difference in cognitive styles between African Americans and Caucasians and how it affected cognitive test scores. This study also sought to detect the interaction of stereotype threat and cognitive style. Study 1 tested whether the cognitive style of field independence/dependence and convergence/divergence mediated the relationship between race and cognitive tests performance. I found support for field independence/dependence as a full mediator; however, I did not find support for convergence/divergence as a mediator. Study 2 sought to replicate Study 1 but add stereotype threat as a possible moderator to the model. I did not find support for the full model but partially replicated the results of Study 1. I discuss the implications of these findings on how to decrease adverse impact on cognitive tests.