Texture-Detail Preservation Measurement in Camera Phones: An Updated Approach
MetadataShow full item record
Recent advances in mobile phone cameras have poised them to take over compact hand-held cameras as the consumer’s preferred camera option. Along with advances in the number of pixels, motion blur removal, face-tracking, and noise reduction algorithms have significant roles in the internal processing of the devices. An undesired effect of severe noise reduction is the loss of texture (i.e. low-contrast fine details) of the original scene. Current established methods for resolution measurement fail to accurately portray the texture loss incurred in a camera system. The development of an accurate objective method to identify the texture preservation or texture reproduction capability of a camera device is important in this regard. The ‘Dead Leaves’ target has been used extensively as a method to measure the modulation transfer function (MTF) of cameras that employ highly non-linear noise-reduction methods. This stochastic model consists of a series of overlapping circles with radii r distributed as r−3, and having uniformly distributed gray level, which gives an accurate model of occlusion in a natural setting and hence mimics a natural scene. This target can be used to model the texture transfer through a camera system when a natural scene is captured. In the first part of our study we identify various factors that affect the MTF measured using the ‘Dead Leaves’ chart. These include variations in illumination, distance, exposure time and ISO sensitivity among others. We discuss the main differences of this method with the existing resolution measurement techniques and identify the advantages. In the second part of this study, we propose an improvement to the current texture MTF measurement algorithm. High frequency residual noise in the processed image contains the same frequency content as fine texture detail, and is sometimes reported as such, thereby leading to inaccurate results. A wavelet thresholding based denoising technique is utilized for modeling the noise present in the final captured image. This updated noise model is then used for calculating an accurate texture MTF. We present comparative results for both algorithms under various image capture conditions.