Interaction of Acoustic Waves with a Laminar Line-Flame
Friedman, Adam Neal
Stoliarov, Stanislav I
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A systematic study was conducted to elucidate the effects of acoustic perturbations on laminar diffusion line-flames and the conditions required to cause acoustically-driven extinction. Flames were produced from the fuels n-pentane, n-hexane, n-heptane, n-octane, and JP-8, using fuel-laden wicks. The wicks were housed inside of a burner whose geometry produced flames that approximated a two dimensional flame sheet. The acoustics utilized ranged in frequency between 30-50 Hz and acoustic pressures between 5-50 Pa. The unperturbed mass loss rate and flame height of the alkanes were studied, and they were found to scale in a linear manner consistent with Burke-Schumann. The mass loss rate of hexane-fueled flames experiencing acoustic perturbations was then studied. It was found that the strongest influence on the mass loss rate was the magnitude of oscillatory air movement experienced by the flame. Finally, acoustic perturbations were imposed on flames using all fuels to determine acoustic extinction criterion. Using the data collected, a model was developed which characterized the acoustic conditions required to cause flame extinction. The model was based on the ratio of an acoustic Nusselt Number to the Spalding B Number of the fuel, and it was found that at the minimum speaker power required to cause extinction this ratio was a constant. Furthermore, it was found that at conditions where the ratio was below this constant, a flame could still exist; at conditions where the ratio was greater than or equal to this constant, flame extinction always occurred.