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INVESTIGATING COMPOSTING AS A METHOD FOR REDUCING ESTROGENICTY IN POULTRY LITTER AND BIOSOLIDS

dc.contributor.advisorYonkos, Lanceen_US
dc.contributor.authorHammett, Kirstenen_US
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-09T06:35:24Z
dc.date.available2016-02-09T06:35:24Z
dc.date.issued2015en_US
dc.identifierhttps://doi.org/10.13016/M28428
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1903/17375
dc.description.abstractBiosolids and poultry litter contain the natural estrogens 17β-estradiol and estrone, which can be transported to receiving waters via runoff when these materials are used as fertilizers. Estrogens are of concern because of their ability to act as endocrine disruptors and feminize fish. In this study, In-Vessel Aerated and Turned composting was investigated for its efficacy at mitigating estrogen concerns in BS and PL. Pre- and post- composted, BS and PL samples were investigated for total estrogenicity and estrogen species concentrations. In addition, conversion of estrone to 17β-estradiol was investigated by measuring the creation of deuterated 17β-estradiol from a deuterium-labeled estrone stock within aqueous PL mixtures. Data from these studies indicates that there may be efficacy in composting BS and PL prior to land application and suggest that estrone is capable of converting to the more potent 17β-estradiol species as a result of entering microbially active environments.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleINVESTIGATING COMPOSTING AS A METHOD FOR REDUCING ESTROGENICTY IN POULTRY LITTER AND BIOSOLIDSen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.publisherDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_US
dc.contributor.publisherUniversity of Maryland (College Park, Md.)en_US
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Science and Technologyen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledToxicologyen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledEndocrinologyen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledBiosolidsen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledCompostingen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledEndocrine Disruptionen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledEstrogenen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledPoultry Litteren_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledRunoffen_US


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