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dc.contributor.advisorTakeuchi, Ichiroen_US
dc.contributor.authorFackler, Sean Wuen_US
dc.date.accessioned2015-09-18T05:51:27Z
dc.date.available2015-09-18T05:51:27Z
dc.date.issued2015en_US
dc.identifierhttps://doi.org/10.13016/M2XM07
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1903/17033
dc.description.abstractThe combinatorial high throughput method allows one to rapidly study a large number of samples with systematically changing parameters. We apply this method to study Fe-Co-V alloys as alternatives to rare-earth permanent magnets. Rare-earth permanent magnets derive their unmatched magnetic properties from the hybridization of Fe and Co with the f-orbitals of rare-earth elements, which have strong spin-orbit coupling. It is predicted that Fe and Co may also have strong hybridization with 4d and 5d refractory transition metals with strong spin-orbit coupling. Refractory transition metals like V also have the desirable property of high temperature stability, which is important for permanent magnet applications in traction motors. In this work, we focus on the role of crystal structure, composition, and secondary phases in the origin of competitive permanent magnetic properties of a particular Fe-Co-V alloy. Fe38Co52V10, compositions are known as Vicalloys. Fe-CoV composition spreads were sputtered onto three-inch silicon wafers and patterned into discrete sample pads forming a combinatorial library. We employed highthroughput screening methods using synchrotron X-rays, wavelength dispersive spectroscopy, and magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE) to rapidly screen crystal structure, composition, and magnetic properties, respectively. We found that in-plane magnetic coercive fields of our Vicalloy thin films agree with known bulk values (300 G), but found a remarkable eight times increase of the out-of-plane coercive fields (~2,500 G). To explain this, we measured the switching fields between in-plane and out-of-plane thin film directions which revealed that the Kondorsky model of 180° domain wall reversal was responsible for Vicalloy’s enhanced out-of-plane coercive field and possibly its permanent magnetic properties. The Kondorsky model suggests that domain-wall pinning is the origin of Vicalloy’s permanent magnetic properties, in contrast to strain, shape, or crystalline anisotropy mechanisms suggested in the literature. We also studied the thickness dependence of an Fe70Co30- V thin film library to consider the unique effects of our thin film libraries which are not found in bulk samples. We present results of data mining of synchrotron X-ray diffraction data using non-negative matrix factorization (NMF). NMF can automatically identify pure crystal phases that make up an unknown phase mixture. We found a strong correlation between magnetic properties and crystal phase quantity using this valuable visualization. In addition to the combinatorial study, this dissertation includes a study of strain controlled properties of magnetic thin films for future applications in random access memories. We investigated the local coupling between dense magnetic stripe domains in transcritical Permalloy (tPy) thin films and ferroelectric domains of BaTiO3 single crystals in a tPy/BaTiO3 heterostructure. Two distinct changes in the magnetic stripe domains of tPy were observed from the magnetic force microscopy images after cooling the heterostructure from above the ferroelectric Curie temperature of BaTiO3 (120°C) to room temperature. First, an abrupt break in the magnetic stripe domain direction was found at the ferroelectric a-c-domain boundaries due to an induced change in in-plane magnetic anisotropy. Second, the magnetic stripe domain period increased when coupled to a ferroelectric a-domain due to a change in out-of-plane magnetic anisotropy. Micromagnetic simulations reveal that local magnetic anisotropy energy from inverse magnetostriction is conserved between in-plane and out-of-plane components.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleCOMBINATORIAL INVESTIGATION OF RARE-EARTH FREE PERMANENT MAGNETSen_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.contributor.publisherDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_US
dc.contributor.publisherUniversity of Maryland (College Park, Md.)en_US
dc.contributor.departmentMaterial Science and Engineeringen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledMaterials Scienceen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledInformation technologyen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledEnergyen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledCombinatorialen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledHigh-throughputen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledMagnetismen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledmultiferroicen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledpermanent magneten_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledrare-earth elementsen_US


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