Fabrication of Poly (D,L-Lactic-Co-Glycolic Acid) Microparticles for Improved Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Delivery

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Brown, Rachel
Cesewski, Ellen
Fix, Jonathan
Freudenberger, Devon
Higgins, Kara
McMahon, Eileen
Niba, Vanessa
Park, Hoon
Perdomo, Gabriela
Seo, Anna
Fisher, John P.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the leading cause of cervical cancer and the most prevalent sexually transmitted disease worldwide. HPV vaccines require a multi-dose regimen to provide immunity, contributing to low patient compliance. We addressed this problem by formulating biodegradable poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microparticles and assessing their viability for use in controlled-release vaccines. We hypothesized that we could alter fabrication parameters to produce 1-10 μm microparticles in order to encapsulate ovalbumin (OVA) and HPV virus-like particles (VLPs). Microparticles were fabricated using a double emulsion method and used to elicit an immune response in JAWSII cells. Our results contribute to knowledge of vaccine delivery mechanisms and controlled-release technology, and could contribute to the creation of a viable controlled-release HPV vaccine.