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IMPACT OF RURALITY, BROILER OPERATIONS, AND COMMUNITY SOCIOECONOMIC FACTORS ON THE RISK OF CAMPYLOBACTERIOSIS IN MARYLAND

dc.contributor.advisorSapkota, Amyen_US
dc.contributor.authorZappe Pasturel, Barbaraen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-24T05:32:30Z
dc.date.available2014-06-24T05:32:30Z
dc.date.issued2013en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1903/15108
dc.description.abstractThe combined impact of community-level environmental and socioeconomic factors on the risk of campylobacteriosis were evaluated. Campylobacter case data (2002-2010, n=3,694) were obtained from the Maryland Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network. Community-level socioeconomic and environmental data were obtained from the 2000 U.S. Census and the 2007 U.S. Census of Agriculture. Data were linked by zip code. Incidence rate ratios were derived by Poisson regressions. A subset of zip code-level characteristics was mapped. In zip codes that were 100% rural, incidence rates of campylobacteriosis were 6 times (IRR=6.18; 95%CI=3.19-11.97) that of urban zip codes. In zip codes with broiler chicken operations, incidence rates were 1.45 times that of zip codes without broilers (IRR=1.45, 95%CI=1.34-1.58). Higher rates were also observed for zip codes that were predominantly white and had high median incomes. Findings suggest that the risk of campylobacteriosis could be significantly influenced by the community and environment where one lives.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleIMPACT OF RURALITY, BROILER OPERATIONS, AND COMMUNITY SOCIOECONOMIC FACTORS ON THE RISK OF CAMPYLOBACTERIOSIS IN MARYLANDen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.publisherDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_US
dc.contributor.publisherUniversity of Maryland (College Park, Md.)en_US
dc.contributor.departmentMaryland Institute for Applied Environmental Healthen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledPublic healthen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledEnvironmental healthen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledbroiler operationsen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledcampylobacteren_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledfoodborne illnessen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledFoodNeten_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledpublic healthen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledruralityen_US


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