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dc.contributor.advisorMilke, James Aen_US
dc.contributor.authorCampbell, Christopher Kellyen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-02-06T07:20:27Z
dc.date.available2013-02-06T07:20:27Z
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1903/13562
dc.description.abstractOccupant merging behavior on stairwell landings is analyzed through the study of evacuation videos. Both flow rate and transit time analyses are conducted. Data is compared to the hydraulic model, which is presented in Chapter 3 of the SFPE Handbook. It is found that the flow ratio, which is the actual outflow rate from a merging event divided by the expected outflow per the hydraulic model, is on average 75%. The transit ratio, which is the normal transit time of the stairwell landing divided by the merging transit time, is found to be 0.67 and 0.70 for the floor and stair flows, respectively. Empirical data is compared to data collected from the Pathfinder 2011 egress model. Causes and influencing factors of occupant merging are proposed.en_US
dc.titleOccupant Merging Behavior During Egress From High Rise Buildingsen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.publisherDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_US
dc.contributor.publisherUniversity of Maryland (College Park, Md.)en_US
dc.contributor.departmentFire Protection Engineeringen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledEngineeringen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledEgressen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledFire Protection Engineeringen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledFlow Rateen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledHigh Rise Buildingsen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledOccupant Mergingen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledStairwellsen_US


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