FATE AND TRANSPORT OF NITROGEN AT A DEEP ROW BIOSOLIDS APPLICATION HYBRID POPLAR TREE FARM
Felton, Gary K
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This study evaluates deep row applied biosolids as a nutrient source for hybrid poplar trees grown on a gravel mine reclamation site in Brandywine, Maryland from November 2003 to April 2009. The study included biosolids application rates of 386, 773, and 1,159 dry Mg/ha (172, 345, and 517 dry ton/ac.) and hybrid poplar tree densities of 0, 716, and 1,074 trees/ha (0, 290, and 435 trees/ac.). Soil water samples taken from suction lysimeters located 15 - 120 cm (6 - 48 in.) vertically below the biosolids were analyzed for total ammoniacal-nitrogen (TAN) and nitrate-nitrogen (NO<sub>3</sub>-N). The majority (96.3%) of NO<sub>3</sub>-N values were less than EPA drinking water MCL of 10 mg/L. No NO<sub>3</sub>-N values within the tree plots exceeded 2 mg/L. The TAN concentrations increased with application rates, but decreased with distance from the biosolids, except there was no difference between 60 cm (24 in.) and 120 cm (48 in.).