Browsing Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA) by Title
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- Item19 Nation Poll on Global Issues: World Public Opinion Says World Not Going in Right Direction; Linked to Widespread Negative Views of US Influence(2004-06-04) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)A majority of people in the world do not feel the world is going in the right direction, a view strongly linked to the view--held by a majority--that the United States is not having a positive influence in the world. A majority views globalization positively, but majorities--especially in rich countries--say that the rich are not playing fair in trade negotiations with poor countries. In most countries the UN is well trusted.
- Item20 Nation Poll Finds Strong Global Consensus: Support for Free Market System, But also More Regulation of Large Companies: Companies Seen as Having Too Much Influence on Government(2006-01-11) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)A new poll of 20 countries from around the world finds a striking global consensus that the free market economic system is best, but that governments should also do more to regulate large companies. In all but one country polled, a majority or plurality agreed with the statement that "the free enterprise system and free market economy is the best system on which to base the future of the world." On average, 61% agreed while 28% disagreed. The poll of 20,791 individuals was conducted by the international polling firm GlobeScan and analyzed in conjunction with the Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA) of the University of Maryland.
- Item21 Nation Poll on Bush's Reelection: In 18 Countries, Most See Bush’s Reelection as Negative for World Security(2005-01-19) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)According to a new BBC World Service Poll of twenty-one countries from all regions of the world, the reelection of President Bush is seen as negative for world peace and security by a majority in sixteen countries and a plurality in another two.
- Item22 Nation Poll on the Global Economy: Most Are Pessimistic(2005-01-25) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)A BBC World Service Poll of 22 countries from around the world found that in 13 countries a majority or a plurality believe the world economy is getting worse. Citizens in only 6 countries see the world economy improving.
- Item22 Nation Poll Shows China Viewed Positively by Most Countries: China’s Economic Growth Considered Positive But Not Its Increasing Military Power(2005-03-05) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)A new BBC World Service Poll of 22 countries finds that China is viewed as playing a significantly more positive role in the world than either the US or Russia, a role more on par with Britain. Asked about possible future trends, most are positive about China significantly increasing its economic power in the world but most are negative about China significantly increasing its military power.
- Item23 Nation Poll Finds Strong Support for Dramatic Changes at U.N.: Citizens of All Countries Polled Favor Adding New Permanent Members to UN Security Council(2005-03-21) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)A BBC World Service poll that surveyed 23 countries finds nearly universal support for dramatic reforms in the United Nations in parallel with a desire for increased UN power in the world. Majorities throughout the world favor adding permanent new members to the U.N. Security Council, with most favoring adding Germany, India, Japan, and Brazil. Most favor giving the U.N. Security Council the power to override the veto power of the permanent members, including majorities in three of the permanent member states: the US, Britain, and China. In France and Russia, citizens are divided.
- Item23 Nation Poll: Who will Lead the World?: In 20 Countries, Citizens Want Europe to Be More Influential Than US(2005-04-06) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)A public opinion poll across 23 countries finds that in 20, a majority (17) or a plurality (3) of citizens think it would be mainly positive for Europe to become more influential than the US in world affairs. Currently, Europe is seen as having a mainly positive influence in the world in 22 countries. Among specific major countries, the one most widely viewed as having a positive influence is France—viewed positively in 20 countries. The countries most widely viewed as having a negative influence are the US (viewed negatively in 15 countries) and Russia (14 countries).
- Item25-Nation Poll Finds Worldwide Support for Principles in Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Most Favor UN Taking a Larger Role in Promoting Human Rights(2008-12-09) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)A WorldPublicOpinion.org study of 25 nations from around the world has found a remarkable degree of consensus in support of the principles enunciated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which will celebrate its 60th anniversary on December 10. But there are certain limits--when presented difficult conditions, such as the potential for political instability, publics in a few nations back away from unequivocal support for some rights, though most publics do not.
- Item30-Country Poll Finds Worldwide Consensus that Climate Change is a Serious Problem: Concern Growing Sharply Since Katrina, Americans No Longer See Unusual Weather as Natural(2006-04-25) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)A poll of 30 countries from around the world finds that a large majority of people in all countries polled believe that climate change or global warming is a serious problem. No country has more than one in five saying it is not a serious problem.
- Item35 Nation Poll on U.S. Presidential Election: Finds 30 Prefer Kerry, 3 Bush(2004-09-08) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)In 30 out of 35 countries polled, from all regions of the world, a majority or plurality would prefer to see John Kerry win the US presidential election—especially traditional US allies. The only countries where President Bush was preferred were the Philippines, Nigeria, and Poland. India and Thailand were divided. On average, Kerry was favored by more than a two-to-one margin—46% to 20% (weighted for variations in population, the ratio was not significantly different). Overall, one-third did not give an answer.
- ItemAfghan Approval of the Karzai Government and Western Forces,Though Still Strong, Is Declining(2006-12-14) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)As 2006 draws to a close, observers of Afghanistan generally agree that conditions there are worsening. Security has deteriorated, making it harder to deliver economic assistance. The Taliban has stepped up its activities, demonstrating an ability to fight pitched battles with foreign military forces and copying some of the terrorist methods used by Iraqi insurgents. Increasing opium poppy cultivation has made it more difficult to carry out development projects and improve the economic well being of the Afghan people. Corruption on the part of central government officials is another obstacle that may hinder efforts by the government of President Hamid Karzai to extend its authority throughout the country. Observers are also concerned about the long-term loyalties of the people of Afghanistan. If the government, with the help of western countries, is not able over time to provide either security or economic well being, it may lose the support of the Afghan population. Consequently, a debate is in progress over how the international community should help Afghanistan. Should military assistance have primacy? Or should economic aid be the priority? The Afghan people’s reservoir of goodwill may evaporate if they do not see more improvement in their lives. This survey puts these issues to Afghans themselves. Do they see progress being made? Or do they believe their country is headed toward another crisis? How do they feel about their government and about the foreign military forces that fight on its behalf? Do they believe more military help is key to their future? Or would they prefer a greater emphasis on aid designed to rebuild their war-torn country? To answer these questions, the Program on International Policy Attitudes conducted a poll, fielded by ACSOR/D3 Systems, Inc., that interviewed 2,089 Afghan adults over November 13-24, 2006 using a nationwide probability sample Interviews were conducted in 32 of 34 provinces in Afghanistan; two provinces, Zabul and Uruzghan representing about 2.3 percent of the Afghan population, were excluded for security reasons. The poll has a sampling error of +/- 3.5 percentage points at the 95 percent confidence level.
- ItemAfghan Feelings of Security Vary Widely(2006-10-31) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)Five years after the U.S.-led invasion—and despite intense violence in some regions—about half of Afghans (53%) say they feel safer today than they did under Taliban rule. But the results vary widely according to religious sect, ethnicity and region, a Gallup poll has found.
- ItemAfghans Favor Expanding Peacekeeping Operation(2006-01-29) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)A large majority of Afghans approve of the recent expansion of the NATO peacekeeping force beyond the capital Kabul and would like to see it expanded even further, according to a new WorldPublicOpinion.org poll conducted November 27 to December 4, 2005, with 2089 Afghan adults. The poll was developed by the Program on International Policy Attitudes and fielded by ACSOR/D3 Systems, Inc.
- ItemAfricans and Asians Tend to View Globalization Favorably; Europeans and Americans are More Skeptical(2006-11-07) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)Seven in ten Africans view globalization favorably, making the world’s poorest continent the most positive on the benefits of greater integration, says Gallup International. In contrast, less than a third of Americans and Europeans believe globalization helps their country.
- ItemAll Iraqi Ethnic Groups Overwhelmingly Reject al Qaeda: But Groups Vary on Iran, Syria, Hezbollah(2006-09-27) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)A new poll of Iraqis shows that al Qaeda and Osama bin Laden are rejected by overwhelming majorities of Shias and Kurds and large majorities of Sunnis. Shias have mildly positive views of Iran and its President, while Kurds and Sunnis have strongly negative views. Shias and Kurds have mostly negative views of Syria, while Sunnis are mildly positive. Shias have overwhelmingly positive views of Hezbollah, while Kurds and Sunnis have negative views. The poll was conducted for WorldPublicOpinion.org by the Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA) at the University of Maryland and was fielded by KA Research Ltd. / D3 Systems, Inc. A nationwide representative sample of 1,150 Iraqi adults was surveyed September 1-4.
- ItemAmerica's Image in the World(2007-03-04) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)Testimony of Dr. Steven Kull Director, Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA) Editor, WorldPublicOpinion.org March 6, 2007 – 10:00 AM Before House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on International Organizations, Human Rights, and Oversight
- ItemAmerican and Russian Publics Strongly Support Steps to Reduce and Eliminate Nuclear Weapons(2007-11-09) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)A new poll, conducted in the United States and Russia, finds robust support for a series of cooperative steps to reduce nuclear dangers and move toward the global elimination of nuclear weapons.
- ItemThe American public and the Arab awakening: a study of American public opinion(2011-04) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA); Telhami, Shibley; Kull, Steven; Ramsay, Clay; Lewis (aka Fehsenfeld), Evan; Subias, StefanAn overwhelming majority of Americans think that it would be positive for the United States if the Middle East were to become more democratic, and a solid majority would favor this happening even if it resulted in the country being more likely to oppose U.S. policies. These are some of the findings of a new poll conducted by the Anwar Sadat Chair for Peace and Development and the Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA) at the University of Maryland. The poll of 802 Americans was fielded April 1-5 by Knowledge Networks.
- ItemThe American Public on the 9/11 Decade: A Study of American Public Opinion(2011-09-08) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA); Telhami, Shibley; Kull, Steven; Ramsay, Clay; Lewis (aka Fehsenfeld), Evan; Subias, StefanSix in ten Americans believe that that the U.S. weakened its economy by overspending in its responses to the 9/11 attacks. In particular, respondents felt this was especially true of the U.S. mission in Iraq. Two out of three Americans perceive that over the decade since 9/11, U.S. power and influence in the world has declined. This view is highly correlated with the belief that the U.S. overspent in its post-9/11 response efforts -- the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. These are some of the findings of a new poll conducted by the Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA) and the Anwar Sadat Chair for Peace and Development at the University of Maryland. The poll of 957 Americans was fielded August 19-25, 2011, by Knowledge Networks.