Browsing Institute for Systems Research Technical Reports by Subject "Access Switch"
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- ItemArchitecture, Design, Simulation and Performance Evaluation for Implementing ALAX -- The ATM LAN Access Switch Integrating the IEEE 1355 Serial Bus(1997) Charleston, Giles C.; Makowski, A.; ISR; CSHCNIEEE 1355 is a serial bus standard for Heterogeneous Inter Connect (HIC) developed for "enabling high-performance, scalable, modular and parallel systems to be built with low system integration cost." However to date, few systems have been built around this standard specification. In this thesis, we propose ALAX -- an internetworking switching device based on IEEE 1355. The aim of the thesis is two-fold. First, we discuss and summarize research works leading to the architecture, design and simulation development for ALAX; we synthesize and analyze relevant data collected from the simulation experiments of the 4- port model of ALAX (i.e., 4-by-4 with four input and output queues) -- these activities were conducted during the 2-year length of the project. Secondly, we expand the original 4-by-4 size of the ALAX simulation model into 8-, 12- and 16-port models and present and interpret the outcomes. Thus, overall we establish a performance assessment of the ALAX switch, and also identify several critical design measurements to support the ALAX prototype implementation. We review progresses made in Local Area Networks (LANs) where traditional software-enabled bridges or routers are being replaced in many instances by hardware-enabled switches to enhance network performance. Within that context, ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) technology emerges as an alternative for the next generation of high-speed LANs. Hence, ALAX incarnates our effective approach to build an ATM-LAN interface using a suitable switching platform. ALAX currently provides the capability to conveniently interconnect legacy Ethernet and ATM- based networks. Its distributed architecture features a multi- processor environment of T9000 transputers with parallel processing capability, a 32-by-32 way non-blocking crossbar fabric (C104 chipset) partitioned into Transport (i.e., Data) and Control planes, and many other modules interlaced with IEEE 1355- based connectors. It also employs existing and emerging protocols such as LANE (LAN Emulation), IEEE 802.3 and SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol). We provide the component breakdown of the ALAX simulation model based on Optimized Network Engineering Tools (OPNET). The critical parameters for the study are acceptable processor speeds and queuing sizes of shared memory buffer at each switch port. The performance metric used is the end-to-end packet delay. Finally, we end the thesis with conclusive recommendations pertaining to performance and design measurement, and a brief summary of areas for further research study.
- ItemAn Integrated Rapid Prototyping and Vacuum Casting System for Medical Applications(1997) Surana, Rena; ISREvaluation of products in the design stage has played a critical role in product development. Methods to build functional prototypes have been a deciding factor for designverification. As an emerging technology, rapid prototyping is revolutionizingthe process of building prototypes. However, material limitations and highcosts call for further expansion of this technology focusing on batch productionof prototypes with material options.
Recognizing the challenge to produce multiple prototypes, this thesisresearch aims to integrate three state-of-the-art technologies: 3D solid modeling, rapid prototyping, and vacuum casting. A system architecture combining hardwareand computer software is designed and implemented.
The system utilizes computergraphics to construct a 3D model of an object through visualitzion. A softwaresystem, Maestro, processes a CAD file, generates support structures, and creates slice data to build prototypes by a stereolithography process. Thebuilt part serves as a master pattern for creation of a silicone rubber mold in a vacuum environment. This vacuum environment creates a material flow ratethat ensures replicas with superior quality in regards to surface finish anddimensional accuracy. This mold is then used to cast multiple replicas ofthe master pattern.
The unique contribution of this research is the application of thedeveloped system to meet a specific need in medical research - an effort torestore sight in blind individuals by implanting electordes in the visualcortex. Six replcas of a monkey skull are produced for surgeions to practicesurgical procedures. Image data obtained from CT scans of a mondkey head are successfully used to contruct a 3D solid model to fabricate a batch of six functional prototypes. The superior quality of these replicas hasoffered a unique opportunity for exploratory surgery in efforts to restoresight.