Browsing School of Architecture, Planning & Preservation by Subject "Adaptive Reuse"
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ItemArt and Architecture: New Life for Haverhill's Wingate Street Arts District(2009) Vetne, Elizabeth Alexandra; Miller-Bellairs, Courtney; Architecture; Digital Repository at the University of Maryland; University of Maryland (College Park, Md.)Art and architecture have always maintained an important role in the shaping of public life and culture. Their definitions overlap and their reciprocal relationships are indisputable; the dichotomy between the two provides a strong basis for architectural design and urban renewal. This thesis explores the design of an art facility in downtown Haverhill, Massachusetts. The design is used as a catalyst for further development of the existing Arts District and the rest of the downtown area. Through the adaptive reuse of a factory building, Haverhill's current inadequate Arts District will be rehabilitated by providing a flexible vehicle by which artists can live, work, display, and teach. The cyclical relationships of art and architecture will be used as a generator of public purpose and cultural interest, giving Haverhill a public purpose to its surroundings. The city, which once thrived in the shoe production industry, will be given a new industry: art. ItemCOMMUNITY CATALYST: REINVENTING THE URBAN SHOPPING MALL(2018) Smith, Elisabeth; Curry, Daniel; Architecture; Digital Repository at the University of Maryland; University of Maryland (College Park, Md.)Over the past decade, shopping malls across the United States have been on the decline, many left abandoned and deserted. However, some urban shopping complexes have not yet been uninhibited, due to their proximity to city centers and established community space. This thesis proposition aims to alter and improve the paradigm of the urban shopping mall by redeveloping the existing single use format. The community space will serve as the foundation for several different programmatic functions that will be inserted into an existing mall, thus serving as a uniting agent at the heart of the building. These strategies will be applied to Stamford Town Center, a shopping mall located in the city of Stamford, Connecticut. This thesis will evaluate the opportunities for refining the existing mall and propose a more sustainable place-making solution, reinforcing this urban icon as a destination for culture and innovation. ItemD[Constructing Architecture](2014) King, Marques Gilbert; Lamprakos, Michele; Architecture; Digital Repository at the University of Maryland; University of Maryland (College Park, Md.)Cites are in a constant state of flux. The progression of time through the centuries has yielded numerous examples of entire transformations of a given city's economic, environmental, social, and cultural structures which in turn shape the physical city. In some instances those structures are allowed juxtapose themselves against each other creating a beautiful palimpsest. In other instances those layers are lost due to the changing forces of the city. As a result the narrative and the image of the city is lost. Where this is most applicable is in the context of shrinking cities. This thesis proposal will seek to explore ways in which the retention of a city's physical history and its memory can be reconciled within the context of a shrinking city. It will question, challenge and hopefully transcend current themes in historic preservation and adaptive-use taking a critical approach toward structures and systems that have lost their reason for being. The testing ground for this proposal is Detroit, Michigan. ItemDupont Underground(2013) Fox, Kristen Ashley; Noonan, Peter; Architecture; Digital Repository at the University of Maryland; University of Maryland (College Park, Md.)The construction and subsequent abandonment of the streetcar tunnels below Dupont Circle in Washington D.C. speaks volumes about our culture and how we choose to treat our resources. The current tension regarding the fate of the site is an opportunity to re-evaluate the possible uses for the structure. This thesis will explore the roles of public space, historic preservation, and civic discourse in the urban environment. Topics of focus include: overcoming barriers to reuse, analyzing abandonment and desire, and questioning existing notions of authenticity. ItemDynamic Intervention: Reawakening the Detroit Boat Club(2014) Kopf, Anne; Draper, Powell; Architecture; Digital Repository at the University of Maryland; University of Maryland (College Park, Md.)Built in 1902 on pilings in the Detroit River, the Detroit Boat Club (DBC), a stunning Spanish Colonial building, was once a lively sport and social club. Its historic building fabric, paralleling Detroit's rise and fall, stands as a monument to the city's downfall. What remains today is the DBC Rowing Team, who, despite its success, relies on volunteers and meager donations to maintain the decrepit building. In an attempt at revitalizing the DBC, this thesis will explore the intricate connections between various elements of Detroit's social and cultural history. Such elements include Detroit's music history, specifically Motown Records, as well as the growth of the automotive industry. Through this exploration, this thesis project will address the following question: to what extent can these cultural and social connections be applied to the building revitalization process in a way that honors the building's past and prepares it for a vibrant future? ItemDYNAMIC SPACES: INTEGRATING PRESERVATION AND DESIGN AT KNIGHTS FERRY(2013) Neuhauser, Stephen; Rockcastle, Garth; Architecture; Digital Repository at the University of Maryland; University of Maryland (College Park, Md.)Integrating the disciplines of Historic Preservation and Architectural Design can provide opportunities to re-vision cultural and building traditions in a modern context. To demonstrate how these opportunities can be met, this thesis will explore the transformation of an abandoned historic mill building in Knights Ferry, California, into an olive orchard and oil production center. The design will create flexible spaces for use by the community and visitors, introduce a new economic foundation on which a renaissance could be built, and provide an opportunity to revitalize and repurpose ruins that have fallen into disuse, combining them with new buildings, landscapes, and reasons for being. This thesis maintains that by recovering and revitalizing disused historic places in a sensitive and dynamic manner we can ensure that these places not only remain relevant, but encourage the creative evolution of history and tradition. Itemmending a whisper: Adaptive Reuse of a 19th Century Sugar Refinery in Puerto Rico(2010) Marquez, Gisela; Hurtt, Steven W.; Architecture; Digital Repository at the University of Maryland; University of Maryland (College Park, Md.)Within the island of Puerto Rico one can come upon remnants of any sort. Rather than a single individual narrating its history, the land itself serves as witness and raconteur of events. Introduced into the island by the Spaniards during colonization, the sugar industry became the driving force for the overall economy until mid 20th century. The desire to modernize brought not only a better way of life to its citizens but also a move from an agricultural-based economy to a more industrialized one focused on the manufacturing of goods. Once production was brought to a halt, the agrarian way of life was put aside along with the cities that served as headquarters. Today, a great amount of these factories still stand although in terrible disrepair. What remains lingers in time and place and has stayed as a vague memory to those whose lives were touched by that epoch. This thesis proposes to adaptively reuse one of these structures and convert it into a public park and interactive museum. This project intends to revive a locale by giving it new purpose, immortalize the memory of a given period, and to educate on what once was, what is and what could be of this significant part of our culture and history. ItemThe Michigan Central Station: Re-Discovering Identity Among Ruins(2011) Rottman, Emilie Michelle; Rockcastle, Garth C.; Architecture; Digital Repository at the University of Maryland; University of Maryland (College Park, Md.)The Michigan Central Station will be re-conceptualized as a landmark representing a sustainable and active community building for the surrounding area. This will be an example of a method for designing in derelict areas where buildings have lost their original purpose and identity. Creating multiple programmatic models to be tested and analyzed for their social and cultural implications will help develop a set of strategies and ideas to re-discover identity for the train depot and its surrounding context. Physical strategies will be identified for adaptive reuse; each will be developed further through interaction with these complementary paradigms. While respecting Detroit's history of industry and culture and exploring the implications of revision, the research done will provide ideas to create a new life for the Michigan Central Station and stimulate a new urban community. Complementary physical strategies will be overlaid with these paradigms to further develop strategies for adaptive reuse of the train depot. ItemA New Life for the Franklin School: Connecting the Past to the Present(2010) Simon, Chaya Rachel; Bell, Matthew J; Architecture; Digital Repository at the University of Maryland; University of Maryland (College Park, Md.)When the Franklin School was built in 1869 in the heart of Franklin Square, a vibrant area of Washington, D.C., the school was the gold standard for D.C. public schools. However, over the years, the building and its surrounding neighborhood have deteriorated. Franklin Square has become a business district active only during business hours, with an underused park. The school, which is currently empty, has undergone a few renovations, but the interior of the building has deteriorated. Despite its emptiness, it remains the only lasting memory of Franklin Square's vibrant past. By redeveloping the Franklin School into a new and accessible public charter school and connecting it to the park, the two can become a catalyst to re-activate the area. By testing different approaches to adaptive re-use, this thesis will explore ways to reconnect the building and its surroundings to the past. ItemPromoting A Culture of Contemporary And Traditional Chinese Theater Art In Taipei(2005-12-27) Kuo, Ye-Hsuan; Bowden, Gary A.; Architecture; Digital Repository at the University of Maryland; University of Maryland (College Park, Md.)This thesis explores the possibility of promoting a culture of contemporary and traditional Chinese theater art in Taipei, Taiwan. The selected site, a historic winery, was built in 1916 by the Japanese. It was left vacant in 1987 and was rediscovered and reused in 1997 by artists for its artistic and theatrical value. The site chosen is based on the following considerations: 1. Located in central city with excellent transportation access. 2. Existing buildings have value for adaptive reuse and potential for new additions. 3. A focal point of urban renewal that bridges two major business and shopping districts. The exploration of promoting awareness and culture of theater art entails the following considerations: 1. Provide high-quality, diversified resources, facilities and spaces for professional needs. 2. Become an icon in character and function with architectural means on this historic site. 3. Provide diverse usage for both professionals and the general public. ItemRenewing Community in College Park(2009) Kramer, Kimberly Albright; Kelly, Brian; Architecture; Digital Repository at the University of Maryland; University of Maryland (College Park, Md.)The Calvert School served the city of College Park for more than 50 years. Now vacant, the building still sits at the heart of the historic College Park community. Adaptively reusing this well-loved building as a community center will bring new life to the building and site and provide a much-needed center for community activities in College Park. Reusing an existing building will also help to conserve economic and environmental resources, as well as preserving a visual artifact of the history and sense of community that bind the neighborhood. This thesis explores and proposes a variety of approaches to adaptive reuse and building for community, attempting to find a design strategy that suits the building, the site, the community and the proposed program, while balancing aesthetics and functionality with cultural, historical and environmental responsibility. ItemRestoring Neighborhood to North Broad Street in Philadelphia(2011) Jacks, Philip J.; Rockcastle, Garth C; Architecture; Digital Repository at the University of Maryland; University of Maryland (College Park, Md.)A century ago, mansions of Philadelphia's industrial nouveau riche lined upper Broad Street. Today these neighborhoods are virtually cut off from City Hall and Center Square amid blocks of urban blight. One last relic of this gilded age is Willis Hale's Lorraine Apartments of 1894. Acquired by Reverend Baker in 1947, the Divine Lorraine became the city's first integrated hotel and beacon for the civil rights movement. Since its sale in 1999, the building has remained abandoned and its interior gutted, despite its designation as a national historic place. By adapting the Lorraine for multi-use occupancy, with additional residential and commercial development around the Fairmount Metro station, this thesis aims to restore a sense of place to the African-American community, while celebrating its significant achievement in music and theater. It joins the nearby Metropolitan Opera House, Freedom Theatre and Blue Horizon as living legacies along the newly dubbed "Avenue of the Arts." ItemA Safe Space: Designing a LGBTQ+ Youth Resource Center(2022) Fuller, Sarah N; Noonan, Peter; Architecture; Digital Repository at the University of Maryland; University of Maryland (College Park, Md.)In the continuing struggle to combat youth homelessness it in necessary to evaluate the effectiveness of existing services and infrastructure. Somewhere between 1.6 and 2.8 million youth identify as homeless in the United States. 47% of homeless youth identify as LGBTQ+ in Washington DC, while only accounting for 7% of the population. Faced with a myriad of challenges, LGBTQ+ youth find themselves facing homelessness without access to services to meet their complex needs. Washington DC has a rich LGBTQ+ history and community that is connected through people and the built environment. Throughout its history and today the LGBTQ+ community has created safe spaces for its members to come and be together. Through the exploration of the adaptive reuse and addition of a historic building, this thesis seeks to create a LGBTQ+ youth resource center to aid in the development of supportive services and housing for at risk LGBTQ+ youth. ItemSustainability Through Adaptation: Reimagining Existing Spaces with Mass Timber Construction(2020) Robbs, Amber; Kelly, Brian; Architecture; Digital Repository at the University of Maryland; University of Maryland (College Park, Md.)In a period when it is becoming more and more apparent how we, as humans, have been negatively impacting our planet, it is important for us, as designers, to take a step back and evaluate how new methods of sustainable design can be incorporated into the existing built environment to leave a positive impression on our climate. We have discussed sustainability through design, building typologies, construction materials, and building systems but we can also explore the sustainable method of reusing the existing built environment. This thesis explores how adaptively reusing existing buildings can be a sustainable source of architecture. Buildings that have fallen into neglect and/or ruin can be revitalized through the construction method of mass timber to produce less greenhouse gas emissions during the structure’s life cycle while leaving a larger, healthier impact on our climate. This thesis explores the benefits of mass timber as a sustainable construction method and demonstrates how mass timber can be used as an alternative to steel frame construction on the site of a 1919 US Navy industrial building. The existing masonry and steel-framed structure stands as a neglected building that can be adapted through sustainable methods. By respecting the structure’s heritage and original purpose, this thesis proposes a secondary building and revitalization of the existing structure through reusing existing structures with recycled material, like mass timber. The thesis looks at opening the site to the evolving community of the Washington D.C. Navy Yard. Maintaining the site as a community gathering space, this thesis proposes a food hall program, building off the weekly farmers' markets that take place in the structure’s adjacent plaza, and aims to fill the community's need for a public civic space in the adjoining community library program. The program of this thesis aims to draw people in to explore the built environment of alternative and sustainable construction methods. ItemSustainable Placemaking: Restoring the Vitality of Underutilized Infrastructure(2013) Taylor, Michael David; Bovill, Carl; Simon, Madlen; Architecture; Digital Repository at the University of Maryland; University of Maryland (College Park, Md.)A city experiences natural manipulation through time as the demographics, economy, technology, and industry evolve. As a result, formally prominent sites and buildings become neglected. This thesis explores a model of sustainable placemaking that adaptively reuses currently underutilized infrastructure to sponsor a restored definition of place for a community. I will illustrate how a small town has the opportunity to inform the larger society that living in a self-sustaining localized environment is achievable. The model of sustainable placemaking is illustrated through a case study in Frederick, Maryland. This historically sensitive, yet progressive, city offers exemplary circumstances of how a modest sized town, attentive to preserving its historical heritage, can incorporate sustainability. My study focuses on a blighted area, adjacent to a newly developed pedestrian creek front, to demonstrate how the City of Frederick can revitalize its sense of place with the sustainable redevelopment of existing underutilized infrastructure. ItemTransforming the Rustbelt: Adaptive reuse of industrial buildings in the context of the Rust Belt.(2015) Petrusic, Luke James; Noonan, Peter; Architecture; Digital Repository at the University of Maryland; University of Maryland (College Park, Md.)This project seeks to address the problem of the future of industrial ruins / cities within the larger context of the US rust belt. Many of these Rust Belt cities face challenges of decaying infrastructure, overburdened social services, population loss, increased crime, and pronounced civil decline. This thesis seeks to find a program or architectural intervention that capitalizes on abandoned industrial buildings that can be seen as catalysts for revitalization. The city of Johnstown will be examined as it has many of the key traits of a rust belt city. The architectural response to these set of problems must manifest at the regional, city, and site scale to address the question of whether such interventions in Johnstown can serve as models or catalysts for new industries, alternate uses, identity, social structure, improve quality of life, and an embodiment community ideals? The industrial ruins in rust belt cities are the embodiment of political decisions, social circumstances, economic factors and unique architectural features. Any intervention must address these embodied forces in order to create a viable transformation and to make Johnstown a showcase of what these places could be. ItemTransforming Together: Reconsidering Adaptive Reuse(2013) Crenshaw, Emma Elizabeth; Noonan, Peter; Simon, Madlen; Architecture; Digital Repository at the University of Maryland; University of Maryland (College Park, Md.)This thesis examines the evolving and transforming relationship between building and community. It is a study of the past and present of a community and its architecture in order to propose an adaptive plan for a place that involves the adaptive reuse of a historic building. Utilizing theory related to vernacular architecture, critical regionalism and phenomenology, a framework for study is applied to a case study. Peckham, a district in South London in England, and one of its former industrial buildings, the Bussey Building, serves as the case-study. Peckham is home for a mixed "fringe" community that is in a process of transformation that is linked to the area's industrial past. In order to explore sustainability in a more holistic and human way, this thesis posits a question: Can architects design buildings to adapt to a continually changing situation, physically mapping the relationship between architecture and community over time?