The 2017 Team Maryland developed reACT—short for Resilient Adaptive Climate Technology— demonstrating that homes can help people live in harmony with nature while at the same time harnessing her gifts of solar energy, water, and food. Designed with influences from Nanticoke and Maryland (Delmarva) tribal traditions, reACT includes a composting system, hydroponic garden, vegetable garden, and movable “living walls” covered in plants. The project also demonstrates urban farming—an important facet of self-sufficient living.
The Maryland team invites you to think of reACT as a living organism, with six modules performing vital functions. Systems that capture and process waste, water, and energy allow the house to operate with complete self-sufficiency, and the house’s living systems are fully disentangled from structure, so the house can adapt as occupants’ needs change—for example, by adding a new bedroom module. Much more than a “one-off,” reACT is intended to serve as a seminal prototype for a "house as a kit of parts" design concept. This kit consists of separate components and systems parts that can be efficiently manufactured, transported, assembled, and disassembled. The intention is to create a home-building kit that can be readily adapted to a range of clients, communities, construction technologies, and ecological environments.
Features and Technologies:
A mechanical core manages the flow of water, air, and energy.
A central courtyard with an operable glass roof and wall panels extends the living space and acts as a solar heat collector.
The house demonstrates urban and ancestral Native American farming with a hydroponic garden, exterior vegetable garden, and movable living walls.
A barrel composter turns food scraps into nutrients, and a composting toilet processes human waste.
A solar electric PV array with battery storage; rainwater and greywater collection and treatment systems; and a composting toilet allow the house to operate independently.
Designed with influences from Nanticoke and Maryland tribal traditions, the house incorporates materials that consider tribal environmental ethics.
An automated SmartHouse data collection and control system package enables residents to follow and learn from the data it collects and use energy wisely.
Browsing Solar Decathlon 2017: Team reACT by Subject "climate technology"
(2016-04-29) Team reACT; Rockcastle, Garth C; Binder, Michael P; Adomaitis, Raymond A
Mission Statement; Detailed strategy for winning the competition including a contest-by-contest breakdown; Design drawings and/or written description of the following systems and components, with identification of any unique systems and components that are being considered; Summary of potential innovations and non-standard elements being pursued; Description of public exhibit, communications, and outreach strategy; Computer-generated renderings of competition prototype design; Health and Safety Plan outline including approach to meeting OSHA training requirement; Identification of the licensed design professional expected to stamp structural documentation
(2016-09-15) Team reACT; Campbell, Jamie; Cossard, Patricia Kosco; Rockcastle, Garth C
Updated 100-word description of team and its goals (second iteration); Digital representation (renderings, graphic floor plan, photography of scale model, animation, etc.) of competition prototype design; Team photograph; Summary of unique project elements, considerations, innovations, research, or technology being considered; Summary of team’s current online presence, including social media accounts and website address; Summary of public outreach conducted and press coverage achieved to-date.
(2016-12-15) Team reACT; Johnson-Williams, Malik; Southard, Renata; Zain, Shah; Rockcastle, Garth C
Animated walkthrough created from architectural renderings to date. This was used by the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2017 as part of their media package. Team Maryland used it for various outreach and fundraising events.
(2017-02-23) Team reACT; Oh Boun, Sandra; Johnson-Williams, Malik; Rockcastle, Garth C; Adomaitis, Raymond A
100% complete construction documentation, with sufficient detail for a contractor to build the competition prototype house as it is expected to appear on the competition site. The documentation shall include complete and final design details, house system specifications, and construction.
Audiovisual presentation of walk-through of reACT as will be experienced by judges and by the general public. The U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2017 teams must develop and implement communications strategies to engage their local communities, provide free tours to visitors during the event in Denver, and make an impact across the world through their digital presence and media outreach.
(2017-08-27) Team reACT; Rockcastle, Garth C; Courtney, Christopher
Architectural Concept and Design Approach including, overall clear concept, idea or ideas to guide the development of the whole design process, design solution and competition prototype house demonstrate overall coherence among disciplines and systems of the home, relation of the home to its target site, unique issues and challenges in its design and execution, sense of inspiration and delight. As well as, Architectural Implementation and Innovation including, use of architectural elements (scale and proportion, indoor/outdoor connections, composition), holistic and integrated design (space, structure, and building envelope) natural and electric lighting integration, material selection, well-conceived details, architectural implementation, energy-efficiency concerns, energy production technology, performance considerations, transportation and pre-fabrication strategies and detailing.
(2017-08-10) Team reACT; Fairhurst, Ricky; Oh Boun, Sandra; Johnson-Williams, Malik; Rockcastle, Garth C
Audiovisual presentation including a realistic video walkthrough of the complete constructed house as built prior to competition, audio narrative explaining the underlying philosophy behind the design and team approach, still photos and graphics. Includes an audio narrative and transcript that explains to viewers what they’re seeing and describes the underlying philosophy behind the design and team approach to the competition.
(2017-08-10) Team reACT; Schrantz, Emma; Andros, Whitney Paige; Stoltz, Angela; Binder, Michael P
Describes in-depth the efforts to educate, inform, and interest the public, including the communications strategy; success of outreach and education message; description of digital communications. The U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2017 teams must develop and implement communications strategies to engage their local communities, provide free tours to visitors during the event in Denver, and make an impact across the world through their digital presence and media outreach.
(2017-08-10) Team reACT; Adomaitis, Raymond A; Dhumane, Rohit; Andros, Whitney Paige; Hwang, Yunho; Quinn, Bryan
Engineering design and implementation, including Team approach to employing multidisciplinary collaboration and use the energy modeling and analysis to guide design decisions; Design performance of systems and structures, occupant comfort, proportional size for annual performance targets; Energy Efficiency. Long-term issues such as longevity, lifecycle costs, maintenance, and owner operation are addressed as well as how the building envelope design and materials manage potential issues from moisture, condensation, and mold. Includes complete engineering drawings and specifications and the Energy Modelling report.
(2017-08-10) Team reACT; Cossard, Patricia Kosco; Lagomarsino, Matt; Binder, Michael P; Rockcastle, Garth C; Adomaitis, Raymond A
This report describes the team’s approach to innovation, from design to execution. It includes details on how and what research was conducted and how it informed decisions on design solutions. It discusses how the team integrated innovative sustainable strategies, products, and solutions, as well as how the house maximizes sustainability through the use of passive solar strategies, smart materials selection, and/or local considerations in the design. It explains how the innovations relate to and improve the lives of the selected target market. The environmental, social, and commercial benefits are described. Lastly, it answers the questions: Are the innovations durable relative to the life cycle of the house? Will the innovations improve or maintain occupant safety?
(2017-08-10) Team reACT; Goo, Emily; May, Peter; Binder, Michael P
In 2011, Team Maryland’s WaterShed won first place in part due to the inclusion of water use as a design focus. Since then Solar Decathlon teams have consistently integrated water use and reuse strategies into their designs. In Solar Decathlon 2017 smart water solutions has been recognized as its own contest for the first time. This new contest is important not only because water is a precious resource, but also because water and energy are inextricably linked—it takes water to make the energy we use, and it takes energy to treat and deliver the clean water we require. This conservation section of this report compares reACT’s expected use to that of a standard code-compliant house how water conservation strategies are integrated into its design elements, and how it encourages the homeowner to use less water. This report also covers the topics of reclamation and reuse and how react manages to achieve them, including how health and safety is considered. Lastly, reACT’s landscaping and irrigation design is explained and how it deals with climate, hardscaping, plant selection, and how it achieves energy and efficiency in water use.