(2019) Butcher, Rebecca; Huang, Mong-Han; Geology; Digital Repository at the University of Maryland; University of Maryland (College Park, Md.)
In regions of rapid convergence such as southwest Taiwan, unmapped active structures at multiple depths increase the uncertainty of seismic hazard estimates. The 2016 Mw 6.4 MeiNong earthquake occurred below the main Taiwan detachment, and may have illuminated some preexisting, but undocumented, fault structures. In this study, I use geodetic measurements to constrain afterslip on the main fault for 15 months following the MeiNong earthquake. The inverted afterslip is concentrated around the peak coseismic slip asperity without significant aftershock correlation, which implies heterogeneous frictional properties on the fault. Additionally, slip model misfit indicates shallower faults that are critically stressed before the earthquake creep due to the MeiNong coseismic stress. My results can help identify active faults located at shallower depth as well as their seismic potential in southwest Taiwan.