Browsing Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA) by Issue Date
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- ItemAmericans on Foreign Aid and World Hunger(2001-02-02) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)In 1995, the Program on International Policy Attitudes found that, while an overwhelming majority supported aid in principle, a majority wanted to cut it. However when asked to estimate how much of the budget was devoted to foreign aid, respondents vastly overestimated its size, and when asked what would be appropriate they proposed an amount far higher than the actual amount. In this 2001 study PIPA sought to find out how perceptions and attitudes about aid have evolved in the interim.
- ItemThe Potential for a Nonviolent Intifada(2002-08-28) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)To determine the attitudes of the Palestinian and Israeli Jewish publics on the potential for nonviolent methods in the Intifada, Search for Common Ground, an American and Belgian NGO, commissioned the Program on International Policy Attitudes(PIPA) of the University of Maryland to conduct a study that included focus groups and polls with randomly selected samples. A Palestinian polling organization, the Jerusalem Media and Communications Center, carried out the poll of 600 Palestinians through face-to-face interviews from August 12-19. An Israeli polling organization, the B.L. and Lucille Cohen Institute for Public Opinion Research of Tel Aviv University, carried out the poll of 504 Israeli Jews by telephone interviews from August 12-14. Margin of error is plus or minus 4.5% for the survey of Israelis and +/- 4% for the survey of Palestinians.
- ItemLarge Israeli and Palestinian Majorities Indicate Readiness for Two-State Solution Based on 1967 Borders(2002-12-09) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)Search for Common Ground (SFCG), the world's largest nongovernmental conflict-resolution organization, today released the results of a second survey it commissioned, conducted by the Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA) of the University of Maryland, to determine attitudes of the Palestinian and Jewish-Israeli publics on the potential for nonviolent methods in the Palestinian Intifada.
- ItemU.S. Public Shows Growing Readiness to Disagree with President on Iraq: Majority Sides With Security Council Members Calling for More Inspections(2003-01-17) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)In the run-up to the President’s State of the Union message, a new poll reveals that the American public is showing a growing readiness to disagree with the President on Iraq. When respondents were told that President Bush was pressing the U.N. Security Council for more immediate action against Iraq, a strong majority nonetheless favored continuing U.N. inspections. Steven Kull, director of the Program on International Policy Attitudes, commented: “What is striking here is that the poll posed the issue as a debate between President Bush and other members of the Security Council, but only 31 percent took the President’s side, while 66 percent sided with the other members calling for continuing inspections.”
- ItemAmericans on Africa: Poll Shows American Public Supports Stronger Engagement With Africa(2003-01-29) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)Despite the fact that America’s conflicts with Iraq, North Korea and al-Qaeda have dominated headlines, the American public believes that the US should increase its engagement with Africa in a variety of ways. An overwhelming 74% rejected the argument that “The US has no vital interests in Africa. Therefore the US should make Africa a lower priority when deciding where to distribute its aid,” while only 23% found it convincing. A 44% plurality said that the US is not concerned enough with Africa, while just 12% said that it was too concerned.
- ItemU.S. Public Favors Negotiating With North Korea: But Divided on Whether North Koreans Willing to Forego Nukes(2003-02-04) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)In contrast to the position of the Bush administration, a very large majority of Americans is willing to negotiate with North Korea, according to a new poll by the Program on International Policy Attitudes and Knowledge Networks.
- ItemAmericans on Iraq and the UN Inspections: Public Conflicted Whether UN Should Strengthen Inspections or Authorize Invasion(2003-02-21) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)A new PIPA/Knowledge Networks poll shows the American public is highly conflicted about whether the United Nations should strengthen inspections or authorize an invasion of Iraq. Steven Kull, director of the Program on International Policy Attitudes at the University of Maryland, comments that “Most of the discussion of Iraq is based on the premise that the US is champing at the bit to invade Iraq, while other members of the UN Security Council want to continue with inspections. However, a very large portion of the American public is having this very debate within their own minds.”
- ItemAmericans on North Korea: US Poll Finds If Diplomacy Fails With N. Korea, Only a Minority Supports Moving Toward Military Action If S. Korea Opposed(2003-02-24) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)Following up on the PIPA/KN January poll that found a very large majority in favor of the US negotiating with North Korea, the new February 12-18 poll found that only a minority of 37% would support moving toward military action if South Korea were opposed.
- ItemU.S. Public's Perceptions of How Other Countries View U.S. Foreign Policy Increasingly Negative: Continuing Decline in US Public's Rating of US Policy on Europe, Russia, North Korea(2003-02-24) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)Amid intensifying international criticism and worldwide demonstrations against U.S. policy on Iraq, the US public's perceptions of how other countries view U.S. foreign policy continues to move in a negative direction. Asked, "on average, how do you think people in other countries rate how well the United States is managing its foreign policy," a majority of 55 percent now gives a negative rating (19% neutral, 23% positive). The net rating (percentage giving positive ratings minus percentage giving a negative rating) has declined 6 percentage points since January and 16 percentage points since November, and now stands at minus 31 percent.
- ItemRatings of U.S. Foreign Policy Rise Sharply In Nearly Every Area Apparently Due to “Rally Effect”: Dealings With UN Only Area to Go Down(2003-03-21) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)In the March 22-25 PIPA-Knowledge Networks poll, the public’s ratings of U.S. foreign policy rose sharply in nearly every area. Given that these surges appeared in a wide range of areas—most of which have not had any new significant developments—it appears that they are likely part of the “rally” effect that often accompanies new military action, in which the public tends to suppress its criticism of U.S. leaders and policies. This effect has also been mirrored in the jump in the President’s approval rating found in other polls.
- ItemAmericans on the Iraq War and the Future of the U.N.: Public Rallies Behind President on Iraq But Still Wants Major Role for United Nations(2003-03-31) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)A new PIPA/Knowledge Networks poll finds that a strong majority of Americans has rallied in support of the President’s decision to go to war with Iraq, despite the lack of U.N. approval. Nonetheless, the public feels that in the future the U.N. should play a major role in international affairs, including governing post-war Iraq.
- ItemAmericans on U.S. Role in the World After the Iraq War: While Strongly Endorsing the Iraq War, Public Rejects a New U.S. Role Marked By Unilateral and Military Approaches(2003-04-29) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)A new PIPA/Knowledge Networks poll finds that, while strongly endorsing the war with Iraq, the public does not support its momentum carrying over into a changed U.S. role in the world. Majorities reject emphasizing a more unilateral or more militarily oriented approach to dealing with world problems in general, as well as dealing with the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
- ItemStrong Majority of Americans Continues to Approve of Iraq War: But Only Half Confident Administration Was Not Being Misleading on WMD(2003-05-30) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)A new US nationwide PIPA/Knowledge Networks poll finds that 68% continue to approve of the decision to go to war with Iraq. However, only 50% said that they were somewhat (29%) or very (21%) certain that “when the US government presented the evidence to justify going to war with Iraq, it was…not being misleading.” Another 5% said they were not very certain.
- ItemU.S. Public Believes Bush Administration Stretched Truth on Iraq's WMD and Links to Al-Qaeda: Though 52% Believe Evidence of Close Links to al-Qaeda Have Been Found(2003-07-01) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)A new PIPA/Knowledge Networks poll finds a majority of 62 percent saying that “when the U.S. government presented evidence of Iraq having weapons of mass destruction to justify going to war with Iraq” it was either “stretching the truth, but not making false statements” or was “presenting evidence they knew was false” (52% and 10% respectively). Just 32 percent said they thought the government was “being fully truthful.” Sixty-three percent said that Congress should “investigate the intelligence agencies’ performance in providing intelligence on whether Iraq had weapons of mass destruction.”
- ItemU.S. Public Supports Expanding Afghanistan U.N. Peacekeeping Force Beyond Kabul: Willing to Contribute U.S. Troops(2003-07-08) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)A new PIPA/Knowledge Networks poll finds that a two-thirds majority—66 percent—says that the United States should approve of the expansion of the UN peacekeeping force beyond Kabul so as to cover other areas of Afghanistan presently dominated by various warlords. Assuming that other countries would also be willing to contribute troops toward this expansion, 76 percent say that the United States should contribute troops as well.
- ItemU.S. Public Favors Putting Iraq Operation Under U.N. If Other Countries Will Contribute Troops: Growing Pessimism About Reconstruction Effort, But Little Desire to Withdraw(2003-07-23) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)Seven in 10 Americans say that the United States should be willing to put the entire Iraq operation under the United Nations, with joint decision making, if other countries would then contribute troops. This option is likely to gain greater prominence as US troops become increasingly stretched in Iraq and major allies and other countries—such as Germany, France, Russia, and India—continue to say that they will only contribute troops and other resources if the Iraq operation is put under the United Nations.
- ItemAmericans on Iran: US Public Opposes War With Iran(2003-07-31) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)A new PIPA/Knowledge Networks poll and an analysis of polling from other organizations reveal that a large majority opposes going to war with Iran. At the same time a majority would consider using limited military force against an identified Iranian nuclear weapons program, provided that the action were approved by the UN Security Council. But a very strong majority prefers dealing with Iran by pursuing a diplomatic approach and working through the UN.
- ItemAmericans on Intervention in Liberia: Support for Contributing US Troops to Liberia Soft but Growing(2003-07-31) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)A poll on contributing US troops to a UN peacekeeping operation in Liberia, conducted by Gallup July 25-27, finds a strong 63% approving – up from 57% when Gallup asked the same question July 7-9. This upward movement may be in response to increased reporting on the situation there and the US beginning to position troops for eventual participation.
- ItemAmericans on Terrorism Two Years After 9/11: War on Terrorism Has Not Made Public Feel Safer(2003-09-09) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)Two years after September 11, despite the various high-profile efforts of the war on terrorism, 76% of Americans say that over the last two years they have not come to feel safer from the threat of terrorism, according to a new PIPA/Knowledge Networks poll of 1,217 Americans, conducted August 26 through September 3. A repeat of a trendline question asked regularly over the last two years also found no reduction in concern about the possibility of terrorist attacks against the US.
- ItemU.S. Public Supports Putting Iraq Operation Under U.N.:Operation Perceived As Not Going Well But Support for Staying Course Still Strong(2003-09-12) Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA)A strong majority of Americans would apparently support the president’s September 7 proposal to get U.N. backing and more international participation for the Iraq operation. According to a new PIPA/Knowledge Networks poll conducted August 26-September 3, 64 percent would even be willing to go further and put the operation under the United Nations, with joint decision-making, if other countries would contribute troops. An ABC poll conducted September 4-7 found 85 percent support for “supplementing U.S. troops in Iraq with troops from other countries to create a multilateral force,” and 55 percent support “if it meant U.S. troops in Iraq would be placed under the command of the United Nations.”