Browsing Department of Veterinary Medicine Research Works by Author "Abas, Osama"
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- ItemCXCR6+CD4+ T cells promote mortality during Trypanosoma brucei infection(PLOS, 2021-10-06) Liu, Gongguan; Abas, Osama; Strickland, Ashley B.; Chen, Yanli; Shi, MeiqingLiver macrophages internalize circulating bloodborne parasites. It remains poorly understood how this process affects the fate of the macrophages and T cell responses in the liver. Here, we report that infection by Trypanosoma brucei induced depletion of macrophages in the liver, leading to the repopulation of CXCL16-secreting intrahepatic macrophages, associated with substantial accumulation of CXCR6+CD4+ T cells in the liver. Interestingly, disruption of CXCR6 signaling did not affect control of the parasitemia, but significantly enhanced the survival of infected mice, associated with reduced inflammation and liver injury. Infected CXCR6 deficient mice displayed a reduced accumulation of CD4+ T cells in the liver; adoptive transfer experiments suggested that the reduction of CD4+ T cells in the liver was attributed to a cell intrinsic property of CXCR6 deficient CD4+ T cells. Importantly, infected CXCR6 deficient mice receiving wild-type CD4+ T cells survived significantly shorter than those receiving CXCR6 deficient CD4+ T cells, demonstrating that CXCR6+CD4+ T cells promote the mortality. We conclude that infection of T. brucei leads to depletion and repopulation of liver macrophages, associated with a substantial influx of CXCR6+CD4+ T cells that mediates mortality.
- ItemIL-27 Negatively Regulates Tip-DC Development during Infection(American Society for Microbiology, 2021-02-16) Liu, Gongguan; Abas, Osama; Fu, Yong; Chen, Yanli; Strickland, Ashley B.; Sun, Donglei; Shi, MeiqingTumor necrosis factor (TNF)/inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)-producing dendritic cells (Tip-DCs) have profound impacts on host immune responses during infections. The mechanisms regulating Tip-DC development remain largely unknown. Here, using a mouse model of infection with African trypanosomes, we show that a deficiency in interleukin-27 receptor (IL-27R) signaling results in escalated intrahepatic accumulation of Ly6C-positive (Ly6C1) monocytes and their differentiation into Tip-DCs. Blocking Tip-DC development significantly ameliorates liver injury and increases the survival of infected IL-27R2/2 mice. Mechanistically, Ly6C1 monocyte differentiation into pathogenic Tip-DCs in infected IL-27R2/2 mice is driven by a CD41 T cell-interferon gamma (IFN-g) axis via cell-intrinsic IFN-g signaling. In parallel, hyperactive IFN-g signaling induces cell death of Ly6C-negative (Ly6C2) monocytes in a cell-intrinsic manner, which in turn aggravates the development of pathogenic Tip-DCs due to the loss of the negative regulation of Ly6C2 monocytes on Ly6C1 monocyte differentiation into Tip-DCs. Thus, IL-27 inhibits the dual-track exacerbation of Tip-DC development induced by a CD41 T cell–IFN-g axis. We conclude that IL-27 negatively regulates Tip-DC development by preventing the cell-intrinsic effects of IFN-g and that the regulation involves CD41 T cells and Ly6C2 monocytes. Targeting IL-27 signaling may manipulate Tip-DC development for therapeutic intervention.