Browsing Geology Theses and Dissertations by Author "Burgess, Jerry Lee"
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ItemPressure-Temperature-time-Deformation (P-T-t-D) History of High-Grade Gneisses of the Port aux Basque Area, Southwest Newfoundland, Canada(1994) Burgess, Jerry Lee; Brown, Michael; Geology; Digital Repository at the University of Maryland; University of Maryland (College Park, Md)A polyphase deformation history (D1-D4) and upper amphibolite facies metamorphism characterize the Port aux Basques Gneisses. Late-D1 to early D2 kyanite porphyroblasts each contain inclusion trails that preserve S1. Reaction out of muscovite, staurolite and kyanite in favor of sillimanite + garnet + alkali feldspar-bearing assemblages in the matapelitic gneisses record syn- to late- D2 peak metamorphic conditions. Isograd surfaces related to syn-D2 metamorphism were probably subhorizontal to inclined but not their metamorphism were probably subhorizontal to incline but now their map pattern reflects subsequent deformation by D3. Fluid-present melting initiated in the kyanite zone and continued into the sillimanite zone. Metamorphic conditions increase to the southeast with 'peak' temperatures of c. 700-750° at 8-9 kbar associated with the D2/M2 thermal regime. A Pb207/Pb206 date of c. 417 Ma was obtained from titanite in high-grade rocks of the Harbour le Cou Group. This date provides a minimum contraint for the M2 event. Hornblende from a nearby amphibolite yields an 40Ar/39Ar isotope correlation date of c. 419 Ma. Muscovite at the same locality records a 40Ar/39Ar plateau date of 391 Ma. Hornblende and muscovite separates from rocks of the Port aux Basques Complex yield similar 40Ar/39Ar dates. Calculations indicate that post- D3 cooling rates of approximately 8-1°C/Ma are required for the area. They kyanite to sillimanite transition and D2 structures suggest a clockwise trajectory in P-T space as a result of Silurian orogenesis.