Closed Loop System Identification of Postural Control with Bilateral Vestibular Loss
Amenabar, Katharine Elizabeth
Jeka, John J
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Human upright stance can be characterized as a combination of feedback and plant. Feedback consists of integrated sensory signals, producing estimates of position and velocity of the body segments while plant includes both musculotendon dynamics and body dynamics. Separating plant and feedback is possible mathematically through closed loop system identification. By studying bilateral vestibular loss (BVL) patients it is hoped knowledge regarding human posture and the role of the vestibular system will be gained. Two BVL patients and two age, height and gender matched controls had visual and mechanical perturbations applied simultaneously to determine these properties. Both leg and trunk kinematics and EMG data were collected. Using frequency response functions plant and feedback properties were calculated. Plant and feedback dynamics differ. BVL patients show more variable weighted hip EMG data, supporting the idea that this population can not properly use hip movement with their lack of vestibular system.