Probing Postural Stability Mechanisms in Locomotion
Logan, David Michael
Jeka, John J
MetadataShow full item record
It is not currently known if those upright stability mechanisms utilized in standing posture are present in locomotion. In this investigation, subjects walked or stood on a treadmill in three speed conditions (posture, 1 km/h, 5 km/h) in front of a visual scene consisting of randomly oriented triangles. The triangles translated in the Anterior-Posterior (A/P) direction in either a low or high amplitude condition. Frequency response functions (FRFs) of both the A/P displacement of bilateral kinematic markers and their corresponding segment angles in response to the visual scene translations were computed. Gain and phase of these FRFs had consistent responses in high amplitude visual conditions in the trunk (hip and shoulder displacements, trunk angle), which motivated further comparisons within the trunk during posture and locomotion. In doing so, the postural processes of orientation and equilibrium control were teased apart during locomotion.