Topographic signatures in the Himalaya: A geospatial survey of the interaction between tectonics and erosion in the Modi Khola valley, central Nepal
Walsh, Lisa Schleicher
Martin, Aaron J
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Spurred by the recognition that lithologic resistivity to erosion influences the steepness of terrain, the purpose of this study is to enhance our understanding of feedbacks between erosion and tectonics in the Himalaya. Using spatial statistics, within a Geographic Information Systems (GIS) framework, this study extracts steepness and curvature values from the terrain to identify the unique spatial signature of lithologic units in the Annapurna Range. The spatial relationship of faults and significant changes in river steepness (k<sub>sn</sub>) and concavity (θ) are examined in this project using high resolution digital elevation models (DEMs), derived from a variety of interpolation methods. Through these quantifications, I explore the possibility of a new model for tectonic activity in central Nepal, in an effort to improve our understanding of how surface processes sculpt the landscape.