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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1903/7473

Title: Syllable structure development of toddlers with expressive specific language impairment
Authors: Pharr, Aimee Baird
Ratner, Nan Bernstein
Rescorla, Leslie
Type: Article
Keywords: specific language impairment (SLI-E)
typically developing (TD)
syllable shapes
consonant clusters
Issue Date: 2000
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Citation: Pharr, A. B., Bernstein Ratner, N. & Rescorla, L. (2000). Syllable structure development of toddlers with Specific Expressive Language Impairment (SLI-E). Applied Psycholinguistics, 21, 429-449.
Abstract: A total of 35 children – 20 with expressive specific language impairment (SLI-E) and 15 typically developing (TD) peers – were compared longitudinally from 24 to 36 months with respect to their production of syllable shapes in 10-minute spontaneous speech samples. SLI-E 24-month-olds predominantly produced earlier developing syllable shapes containing vowels, liquids, and glides. TD 24-month-olds and SLI-E 36-month-olds produced approximately the same proportion of syllable types, with the exception of consonant clusters, where TD 24-month-olds produced more than SLI-E 36-month-olds. TD children at 36 months showed the greatest use of syllable shapes containing two different consonants and consonant clusters. Detailed analyses revealed that SLI-E children produced fewer syllable shapes containing final consonants, more than one consonant type, and consonant clusters. Furthermore, the children with SLI-E were found to vocalize less often than their TD peers. The possible relationships between these findings, SLI-E children’s concomitant deficits in morphology and syntax, and the implications for diagnosis and remediation are discussed.
Required Publisher Statement: http://journals.cambridge.org/download.php?file=%2FAPS%2FAPS21_04%2FS014271640000401Xa.pdf&code=b388186cbe48d8af7ed3eff3d6c22b2f
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1903/7473
Appears in Collections:Hearing & Speech Sciences Research Works

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