Digital Repository at the University of Maryland (DRUM)  >
College of Behavioral & Social Sciences  >
Hearing & Speech Sciences  >
Hearing & Speech Sciences Research Works 

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

Title: Syllable structure development of toddlers with expressive specific language impairment
Authors: Pharr, Aimee Baird
Ratner, Nan Bernstein
Rescorla, Leslie
Type: Article
Keywords: specific language impairment (SLI-E)
typically developing (TD)
syllable shapes
consonant clusters
Issue Date: 2000
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Citation: Pharr, A. B., Bernstein Ratner, N. & Rescorla, L. (2000). Syllable structure development of toddlers with Specific Expressive Language Impairment (SLI-E). Applied Psycholinguistics, 21, 429-449.
Abstract: A total of 35 children – 20 with expressive specific language impairment (SLI-E) and 15 typically developing (TD) peers – were compared longitudinally from 24 to 36 months with respect to their production of syllable shapes in 10-minute spontaneous speech samples. SLI-E 24-month-olds predominantly produced earlier developing syllable shapes containing vowels, liquids, and glides. TD 24-month-olds and SLI-E 36-month-olds produced approximately the same proportion of syllable types, with the exception of consonant clusters, where TD 24-month-olds produced more than SLI-E 36-month-olds. TD children at 36 months showed the greatest use of syllable shapes containing two different consonants and consonant clusters. Detailed analyses revealed that SLI-E children produced fewer syllable shapes containing final consonants, more than one consonant type, and consonant clusters. Furthermore, the children with SLI-E were found to vocalize less often than their TD peers. The possible relationships between these findings, SLI-E children’s concomitant deficits in morphology and syntax, and the implications for diagnosis and remediation are discussed.
Required Publisher Statement:
Appears in Collections:Hearing & Speech Sciences Research Works

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormatNo. of Downloads
pharretal.pdf224.34 kBAdobe PDF3356View/Open

All items in DRUM are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


DRUM is brought to you by the University of Maryland Libraries
University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-7011 (301)314-1328.
Please send us your comments