Multiobjective Optimization of a Leg Mechanism with Various Spring Configurations for Force Reduction
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In this paper, the design of a two degree-of-freedom leg mechanism is accomplished by a two-stage optimization process. In the first stage, leg dimensions are optimized with respect to three design objectives: minimize (i) leg size, (ii) vertical actuating force, and (iii) peak crank torque for an entire walking cycle. Following the optimization of leg dimensions, in the second stage, spring elements with various placement configurations are considered for further reduction of the actuating force and crank torque. Several tradeoff solutions are obtained and a comparison between variously spring configurations is made. It is shown that the inclusion of spring elements can significantly reduce the actuating force and crank torque.