Structurally Robust Weak Continuity
Baras, John S.
Berenstein, Carlos A.
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Building on earlier work, we pose the following optimization: Given a sequence of finite extent, find a finite-alphabet sequence of finite extent, which satisfies a hard structural (syntactic) constraint (e.g., it is piecewise constant of plateau run-length > M, or locally monotonic of a given lomo-degree), and which minimizes the sum of a per-letter fidelity measure, and a first-order smoothness-complexity measure. This optimization represents the unification and outgrowth of several digital nonlinear filtering schemes, including the digital counterpart of the so-called Weak Continuity (WC) formulation of Mumford-Shah and Blake-Zisserman, the Minimum Description Length (MDL) approach of Leclerc, and previous work by the first author in so- called VORCA filtering and Digital Locally Monotonic Regression. It is shown that the proposed optimization admits efficient Viterbi-type solution, and overcomes a shortcoming of WC, while preserving its unique strengths. Similarly, it overcomes a drawback of VORCA and Digital Locally Monotonic Regression, while maintaining robustness to outliers.<P>