Characterization of the Surface Cracking Formed during the Machining of Ceramic Material
Le, Dung T.
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This paper presents a method to characterize the surface cracking formed during the machining of ceramics material. Ceramic specimens are prepared under two different machining environments, dry and submersion. An environmental scanning electron microscope is used to obtain high-magnification images of machined surfaces. Reconstruction of the surface texture in a three-dimensional space is made by scanning the images and using graphics software to obtain detailed and informative spatial views of the machined surface. The visualized surface cracks provide quantitative information on their size and shape. Two performance indices are proposed to characterize the distribution of surface cracks induced by machining in terms of the density and crack depth with reference to the machined surface. As a case study, the developed nondestructive evaluation method is used to assess the effectiveness of using the submerged machining to process ceramic material. The obtained results present a clear picture illustrating the capability of controlling the crack formation during the submerged machining.