The Smart Stone Network: Design and Protocols
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The Smart Stone Protocol (SSP) has been developed to achieve rapid synchronization in a wireless sensor network, establish Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA)communication slots, and perform distributed sensing with global shared awareness. The SSP achieves a synchronization precision of 50&#956;s among receivers. The sender is synchronized to the receivers using a novel scheme to identify the closest comparable times on the sender and receiver. The protocol is tightly related to events that occur in the mote hardware, and is designed to operate on resource constrained wireless sensor motes. Robust TDMA communication slots are set up based on the achieved synchronization, and an innovative algorithm is employed to maintain synchronization without sending any additional synchronization bytes. To test and validate the protocol, Smart Stones have been custom designed using commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) components, and the SSP has been successfully demonstrated on the Smart Stone Network performing an acoustic sensing application.